Picture scroll


July 5, 2022

Emakimono is one of the Japanese painting styles, in which paper or silk is connected horizontally to create a long screen and continuously express scenes and stories. Also called "picture scroll". In many cases, paintings and the lyrics that explain them appear alternately, but there are also paintings only. The oldest surviving picture scroll is said to be the "Illustrated Sutra" produced in the Nara period, and was actively produced until the Muromachi period, with examples in the Edo and Meiji periods.


"Scroll binding" is a binding format that connects paper, silk, etc. in the horizontal direction to create a long surface in the horizontal direction, attaches a winding shaft to the end, and allows the scroll to be wound around the shaft when stored. Books, scriptures, and paintings made with such bindings are called "scrolls", and more generally, "scrolls". Scroll books were actively made in East Asia such as China, the Korean Peninsula, and Japan. In addition, "picture scroll" in Japanese art history terminology often refers to Yamato-e style works produced in Japan. Paintings of scrolls made in China are usually called "picture scrolls", "picture scrolls", etc., and even Japanese works such as Sesshu's "Sanmizu Nagamaki" (Mori Museum collection) "Kara-ga" works are usually not called "picture scrolls".


In the Nara period, an e-toki scripture called "Illustrated Sutra" has been handed down in various places. In the lower half of the scroll, the scriptures describing the predecessor of Buddha and the Buddhahood are copied, and in the upper half, the paintings corresponding to the scriptures are drawn. This painting is simple and hard to imagine by the painter. This is the beginning of an existing picture scroll. In the Heian period, story paintings such as "The Pillow Book," "Ise Monogatari," "Genji Monogatari," and "Uji Shui Monogatari" and picture scrolls based on narratives began to be produced. These are made by cutting gold leaf / silver leaf, sprinkling Noge (length: 1 cm or less, width: about 1 mm), and isago (sunago, gold / silver foil finely divided like sand), and then using gold / silver mud for flowers and birds. We created a unique style in which the poems written in continuous cotton and the pictures for them are arranged alternately on the paper with the rough sketches. If you refer to the "Eawase" book in "Genji Monogatari", you can see that many story paintings were produced in the early to middle Heian period, but all the picture scrolls from the 9th century to the 11th century remain. Not. "The" Four Great Picture Scrolls "(in the Heian period)," Genji Monogatari Emaki, "" Ban Dainagon Ekomaki, "" Mt. Will be. During the Kamakura period and the Muromachi period, many Kasen picture scrolls, war memorial picture scrolls, and biographical picture scrolls of temples and shrines and high priests were produced. Also, during the Muromachi period, new developments such as the establishment of new themes and the clarification of works can be seen, as represented by the establishment of the Otogi-zoshi picture scroll. Even in the Edo period, many scroll-style paintings were produced, and Iwasa Matabei's works are typical examples. In addition, the ukiyo-e artist voluntarily created a gorgeous Shunga picture scroll at the order of samurai, wealthy merchants, and wealthy farmers. Even in the Meiji era, there are picture scrolls like Kanzan Shimomura's "Miyuki Ohara" (National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo).


The word "emaki" has a usage such as "Genji Monogatari Emaki" and "Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emaki" with "○○ Emaki" in the title to indicate that it is a scroll-style work. The concept of paintings is sometimes called "picture scroll" or "picture scroll". However, these "picture scrolls" and "picture scrolls"