art

Article

January 23, 2022

Art (geijutsu) or art (rare: (η) τέχνη, téchni, Luo: ars, English: art, Buddha: art, German: Kunst) is an artist or expression and the viewer mutually. It represents an activity that seeks to obtain mental and sensory changes by interacting with each other. The fields of art are literary arts (linguistic arts), arts (modeling arts), music (acoustic arts), theater and movies (general arts). Art in the old font.

Etymology

Greek "τέχνη téchni" and its translations Latin "ars", English "art", French "art", German "Kunst" "" Is a concept that originally includes a wide range of fields such as medical arts and civil engineering, which simply means "artificial", and corresponds to "technology" at present. Before modern times, "art" is now referred to as "good technology, beautiful technology" (beaux arts, schöne Kunst, etc.) when it is called as a distinction from mere technology, and it occupies a part of the original "art". It was just a secondary thing. With the development of science and technology accelerating from around the 18th century, the improvement of practicality by applying scientific knowledge has an overwhelming meaning rather than the decorative part that has dominated the activity of "making things" until then. Will have. Along with this, various technologies have been divided and subdivided, and are reorganized into modern technology (technics, technology), while the aesthetic elements that decorate artificial objects such as architecture are differentiated and independent. , It was decided to take over the former name of "art". "Art" in modern Japanese is not a traditionally inherited word, but is derived from the fact that it was used as a translation of liberal arts by Nishi Amane in the Meiji era. Nowadays, the English sound copy "art" is often used.

Notation (art / art)

Although it is "藝" in the orthodox notation, "藝" is abbreviated as "gei" due to the restrictions on kanji in Japan after World War II (toyō kanji, common kanji, and educational kanji). In addition, "gei" is originally read as "un" with "un" as a voice, and it is a different character that represents plants such as common rue, but it has nothing to do with the character of "藝". The original character of "藝", "埶", is a compound ideograph consisting of "tree" + "soil" + "丮", and represents the way a person plants a plant in both hands in the soil. Later, in order to emphasize that it was a plant, "艸" was added to make it "蓺", and "cloud" was added to make it "藝". "Gei" is an abbreviation that omits the central part. Originally, it meant planting plants, but in turn, it came to represent general arts and skills, especially literary arts.

Overview

Aesthetician Kenichi Sasaki defines art in a broad sense as "the power of human beings to remodel nature to improve their lives and their environment." Among them, art is an activity that aims at aesthetic communication, rooted in the adventurous nature of the spirit that overcomes technical difficulties and tries to go beyond the current situation without being bound by a specific planned purpose. Suppose that This activity becomes a communication medium as a work. Its form and function change depending on the time and place. Questions about the definition of art are being discussed and studied in the field of aesthetics. In Japan, "art" was used as a new word in the Meiji era, so pre-modern "traditional art" is also called entertainment, and "art" is called "art".

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