reading

Article

November 28, 2021

reading Dokusho reading books. Described in this section. A picture drawn by the Impressionist Kuroda Seiki. Yomikaki To read and write. A place name in Nagiso Town, Kiso District, Nagano Prefecture. See Yomikaki Village. Reading is to read a book. A book that you especially like to read is called a favorite book, and a person who reads a book is called a reader.

History

The meaning of reading is "reading a book", but before the advent of print, these were mainly allowed only by the wealthy and the intellectuals. Since the advent of letterpress printing technology, books have been mass-produced, the literacy rate of the masses has improved dramatically, and reading has become widely accepted as a popular entertainment (hobby). In Japan, until the Edo period, reading aloud (ondoku) of Chinese books such as the Four Books and Five Classics was mainly performed, but after the Meiji era, silent reading (mokudoku) became the main. Also, in the Edo period, in addition to cultural books such as the Four Books and Five Classics, gesaku books (such as "Tokaido Nakagiri Kurige") appeared and the publishing business was established. Was spreading. At that time, woodblock printing was widely used to deal with broken Japanese characters. In the 20th century, the spread and improvement of public education led to an increase in the number of people reading books, and the improvement of publishing technology led to an era of mass publishing. In Japan, the trend of yen-pond books from the Taisho era to the early Showa era is said to be the beginning of the publishing form of "publishing a large number of inexpensive books." However, in the latter half of the 20th century, due to the explosive development of television, the Internet, and other media, the status of reading as a means of acquiring knowledge and information declined relatively, and among humans who lamented that they stopped reading books. "Aliteracy" is sometimes talked about.

Reading style

Other reading methods include speed reading, which increases the reading speed by picking up key points, and seidoku, which attempts to understand the content well and even capture its ideas. and so on. Ironically, stacking a large number of books without reading them is also called "tsundoku". (It was Inajiro Tajiri who came up with the word "tsundoku".) Also, it is not limited to books, but it is peer-reviewed that people concerned and third parties read the manuscript and point out problems. The process of correcting problems is called proofreading. A person who is absorbed in reading and feels sorry if he does not follow the print from beginning to end is called "print addiction". On the other hand, there are also people who love books themselves, such as Bibliomania (bookstores and love book enthusiasts), and not only bookstores but also old book specialty stores are gaining deep-rooted popularity. Since the end of the 20th century, due to the spread of the Internet, book data containing not only plain text data but also various charts can be downloaded to personal computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), etc. and read using a dedicated viewer. , The methods are diversifying (→ e-books). Originally, reading is regarded as an introverted act, but it may be evaluated as a self-expression through book reviews and reading diaries. There are various book review sites on the reading website, such as those found in "Seigo Matsuoka's Thousand and One Thousand Books" on the book review page.

Handling of translated books

Regarding foreign literature, it is controversial whether it is a literal translation or a literal translation. Yukichi Fukuzawa is advancing reading with a free translation. However, it is translated literally.

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