Majority decision (English: majority decision) is a method of adopting the opinion of the majority when making a decision in a group.
Make a decision for a group. As a technique, compare the number of participating units and make a lot of intentions
It is the intention of the group.
Prerequisites for majority vote
1 Decisions that benefit the group.
Although it is possible to make a decision that will result in loss, the purpose is the interests of the group.
2 Clarify and confirm the range of the group.
Intention can be quantified as a unit right of the group.
3 Comparison by quantity and fair verification
For example, Bitcoin is the length of the blockchain and proves to be justified by the fact that the current state is the maximum amount of information.
Political decision making
It is a method for making decisions to be adopted by a group based on the opinions expressed by all the members of the group. Generally, it is carried out by single non-transferable voting.
It is deeply related to democracy because it draws convincing conclusions for more people and does not rely on the decision of a specific person, and is often adopted in democracy because of its procedural validity. However, it is not logically essential in democracy, and there may be a form of democracy in which discussions continue until everyone is satisfied. Also, no matter what two people are selected, they will not share the same intention if they are compared in sufficient detail. Therefore, the majority vote always involves the mutual transfer or truncation of individual wills. A simple majority vote carries the risk of leading to mob politics. The majority vote always has an aspect of "majority tyranny" (Tocqueville) with ignorance of minority opinions, and always has a negative ethical aspect brought about by "maximum majority maximum happiness" (utilitarianism).
While there are criticisms that the majority vote is not always objectively true and valid, many judge it to be relatively good in comparison with the minority theory. There is an idea to admit the minimum justification for choosing.
In Japan, even in temples, the method of deciding the pros and cons by majority vote has been practiced for a long time. However, the simple majority rarely decided the discussion, and the proposal was not adopted unless there was a visible difference ("Maybe reason / maybe evaluation").
Majority voting method
There are the following methods for majority voting.
The method that is considered to be the most principled form because it is decided by a number more than half of the whole. The majority is the number obtained by adding 1 to the integer part of the value obtained by dividing the number of members in attendance by 2.
A method of deciding with a specific number that is even greater than the majority. It is exceptionally adopted for those that require special caution due to the nature of the proceedings, as it can make decision-making extremely difficult.
A method of deciding by what is relatively large, whether or not it has reached the majority. The comparative majority method may be decided by the will of the minority, but this is not generally adopted because it effectively affirms the minority rule. May be used in parliamentary elections. Regarding the method of majority voting, "relative majority" means a comparative majority, but "absolute majority" means a majority as a synonym for a comparative majority and a general term for a special majority, or simply a majority. As something to do