Important Preservation District for Traditional Buildings

Article

May 21, 2022

The Important Preservation District for Traditional Buildings is one of the types of cultural properties stipulated in the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties in Japan. Among the traditional buildings preservation districts decided by Japanese municipalities by ordinances, etc., those selected by the national government (Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) as having particularly high value based on the provisions of Article 144 of the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties. The abbreviations are Judenkenchiku and Judenken.

Overview

The traditional building group preservation area referred to in the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties is a group of traditional buildings such as castle towns, lodging towns, monzen towns, Jinai towns, port towns, rural areas, fishing villages, etc. Refers to the district designated by the municipality to preserve the forming environment. This system attempts to preserve a building as a cultural property not as a "point" (single) but as a "face" (group). , "Workpieces" such as gates, earthen walls, stone walls, waterways, tombs, stone towers, stone Buddhas, and lanterns, and "environmental properties" such as gardens, living walls, trees, and waterways are to be identified and preserved. Municipalities establish traditional buildings preservation districts based on city planning or ordinances based on the Town Planning and Zoning Act, and the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology selects those with particularly high value as important traditional buildings preservation districts based on the proposals of municipalities. It is supposed to be. As of August 2021 (Reiwa 3), 126 districts of 104 municipalities in 43 prefectures excluding Yamagata, Tokyo, Kanagawa and Kumamoto have been selected, and the total area is 4023.9 ​​ha.

List

As of August 2021. For those whose name was changed due to the merger of cities, towns and villages, the name after the change was displayed. The type is based on the list of important traditional buildings preservation districts (see the section on external links).

Challenge

Many of the road types in the areas selected for Jyudenken do not correspond to automobile traffic. This is because there are many cases where traditional buildings remain as a result because they were left behind from development due to infrastructure development, etc., or because they were originally islands and mountain villages with inconvenient transportation, but when selecting a heavy-duty building. In many cases, the relationship between traditional buildings and roads for which city planning has been decided and how to deal with automobile traffic due to the increase in tourists are issues. In addition, there are restrictions on the exterior and exterior of buildings related to historical scenery, and tourist etiquette problems (noise, garbage, unauthorized access to private land, etc.) are negative for residents living there. May be an element. On the other hand, there are about 80% of municipal subsidies for repairing restricted parts, and since most of them are traditional wooden buildings, disaster prevention projects are often carried out. The national government bears 50% (or more in some cases) of municipal subsidies and projects. In addition, certain incentives will be given to inheritance tax and property tax for traditional buildings and their land. Therefore, it is a system with a large positive factor for local governments and residents who want to make use of traditional townscapes and buildings.

Related items

Cultural property Registered tangible cultural property Preservation District for Traditional Buildings Tourist city Townscape preservation Important cultural landscape

External link

List of Important Preservation Districts for Traditional Buildings-Agency for Cultural Affairs List of Important Preservation Districts for Traditional Buildings nationwide --Sasayama City Board of Education National Council for Preservation Districts for Traditional Buildings