Presbyterian Church


July 5, 2022

The Presbyterian Church (English: Presbyterianism, Presbyterian Church) is a Christian Protestant, Calvinist denomination. Also translated as Presbyterian, Presbyterian, and Presbyterian.


It is a Protestant sect with a long history. During the Reformation of Switzerland in the 16th century, the Zurich Zwingli faction was taken over by Bringer, and when the Zurich agreement with the Calvinist Church of Geneva was formed, the church system adopted Calvin's Presbyterian polity. .. Calvin stated that, according to biblical authority, he did not distinguish between "directors, elders, and ministers" who governed the church. The reformist center is said to have moved from Zurich to Geneva between 1520 and 1560. The Reformed belief that the Bible would continue to be reformed was widespread in Germany, France, the Netherlands, etc., but was introduced to Scotland by John Knox, developed there, and was "Presbyterian" by the church system. ). Knox states in his Book of Disciplines (Training, Discipline) that the Presbyterian polity came directly from the Bible, not from Geneva. It became the state religion of Scotland in 1567, after which Free Church separated. The Reformers of the Continent and the Presbyterians of England will each develop a confession of faith and will be distinguished by a confession of faith that complies with it. Of the Puritan, Thomas Cartwright denied the Anglican episcopal polity and insisted on the Presbyterian polity. The Presbyterian Westminster Confession was adopted by the Scottish Parliament in 1647 and by the English Parliament in 1648. It is the mainstream in New Zealand. Examples of "Presbyterians" and "Presbyterians" that do not comply with Westminster standards and do not have conventions, middle meetings, or small meetings are found in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. At this time, there is no church in Japan with a Presbyterian of the size of Scotland.


The Presbyterians are derived from the Bible's Acts of the Apostles (Acts of the Apostles) 14:23, 20:17, and "Letters to Titus" 1: 5. The Greek word πρεσβύτερος (presbyteros), in which the New Testament was written, means elder. Among the church fathers, the elder position (priest in the Catholic church) and the bishop (bishop) position were equated and were not distinguished until the time went down. The fact that there are multiple elders is the standard of ecclesiastical politics. Church Father Hieronymus (347-420) states in Chapter 4 of "Epistle to Titus": "The elders are the same as the bishops. The church was ruled by the Presbyterians before the influence of the devil increased the factions." Church Fathers John Chrysostoms (349-407) "Homilia i, in Phil. I, 1" and Cyrus Theodoret (393-457) "Interpret ad. Phil. Ii" had the same opinion. ..

System schematic

Presbyterian churches that have developed in various places

Scottish Presbyterian Church

John Knox (1505-1572) learned from Calvin in Geneva. His Presbyterian Scottish beliefs were adopted by the Scottish Parliament in 1560. The Scottish belief confessed that Christ was the only head, notably at the time.