Army Marshal (UK)
May 21, 2022
The Marshal of the Army (Field Marshal) in the United Kingdom is the highest rank of the British Army. It is a five-star class corresponding to the NATO code OF-10, and is equivalent to the Royal Navy's Navy Marshal and the Royal Air Force's Air Force Marshal. The rank of the Army Marshal is marked by two marshal canes surrounded by yellow leaves under the St. Edward's Crown. Like the Air Force Marshal and the Navy Marshal, the Army Marshal is traditionally whole life, regardless of the half-pay system. Marshal was appointed sporadically in history, and in the 18th and 19th centuries there was a period of no appointment (because all Marshal died). After World War II, it was customary to appoint the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (later renamed Chief of the General Staff) on the final day of his tenure. In addition, the Chief of Defense, who is the head of the uniform group of the entire British Army, is usually promoted to Marshal at the time of his appointment. Since its enactment in 1736, a total of 141 people have been appointed Marshal of the Army. Most of them served in the British Army or the British Indian Army, and after being promoted, eventually became a marshal. Several members of the British royal family, more recently Prince Edward of Kent and Prince Charles, were appointed Marshal after a brief military service. Edward VII was already a marshal at the time of his coronation, but the three British kings, George V, Edward VIII, and George VI, became marshal at the time of his coronation. And the two princes, Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gota and Philip, Prince of Edinburgh, were appointed as marshal by the married queen. Marshal may be ceremonially appointed as a diplomatic act. Twelve monarchs from other countries became marshal, but German Emperor Wilhelm II, Austrian Emperor Franz I, and Emperor Showa were stripped of their marshal position because they became enemies of Britain and allies in both world wars. In addition, one Frenchman (Ferdinand Foch) and one Australian (Thomas Brammy) contributed to World War I and one politician (Jan Smuts) became Marshal. Appointed. A report commissioned by the British Ministry of Defense in 1995 made many recommendations on reducing military budgets, including the abolition of five stars. The rationale was that the Marshal position was disproportionate to the size of the units it commanded, and such classes were no longer used in close allies, including the United States (in the United States). Marshal position still exists, but no new officers have been assigned since Marshal Omar Bradley). Not all of this recommendation was adopted, but the practice of promoting the Chief of Staff to five stars has been abolished and is now only appointed in special cases. The last active duty officer to be promoted was Baron Peter Inge in 1994. Ing resigned as Chief of Staff in 1997, but his successor, Charles Guthrie, was the first person to not be promoted to Marshal when he took office. In recent years, in 2012, Queen Elizabeth II appointed Prince Charles as Marshal of the Three Armies of Land, Sea and Air as a commendation to support the Queen, the commander-in-chief of the British Army. At the same time, Guthrie, who resigned as Chief of Staff in 2001 and retired from active duty, was also appointed Honorary Army Marshal. And in June 2014, former Chief of Staff Michael Walker was appointed Honorary Army Marshal. The Royal Marines do not use the rank of Marshal, but the rank of Marshal Army is used in the uniform of the Commandant General Royal Marines, who is the ceremonial commander-in-chief (equivalent to the Colonel-in-Chief).