Yasukuni Shrine

Article

August 8, 2022

Yasukuni Shrine is a Shinto shrine located in Kudankita, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo. Since 1868, the movement to commemorate and honor the war dead in the Boshin War and the Meiji Restoration has become active, and movement to establish Shokonsha, a facility for that purpose, has occurred in various places. Against this backdrop, the shrine originated from Shokonsha Shrine, which was built in 1869 by an imperial decree from the Meiji Emperor, and enshrines the spirits of those who died for the nation (heroic spirits) of more than 2,466,000. It has a deep relationship with Gokoku shrines all over Japan.

Overview

Enshrined facing east on the top of Kudanzaka slope, it enshrines Japanese soldiers and military personnel as the main enshrined deities. Former Bekkaku Kanpeisha at Chokusaisha. It mainly enshrines ``victims of foreign wars'' and ``national martyrs before and after the Meiji Restoration''. The precincts are known as a cherry blossom viewing spot, and one of the few shrines with a large torii gate facing east. Since it is an independent religious corporation (independent shrine), it does not belong to a comprehensive relationship with Jinja Honcho. It was originally called Tokyo Shokonsha, but in 1879 (Meiji 12), it was renamed to Yasukuni Shrine. Since it is a Shokonsha, there is no parishioner area (the area around our company is the parishioner area of ​​Tsukuchi Shrine and Hie Shrine). At the time of its foundation, the military affairs officer (which was later reorganized into the Ministry of War) was in charge of personnel affairs, but later the Ministry of Home Affairs took charge of personnel affairs, and the Imperial Japanese Army (Ministry of Army) and the Imperial Navy (Ministry of Navy) oversaw festivals (both army and navy forces are hereinafter referred to as " abbreviated as “Former Army and Navy” etc.). In 1946 (Showa 21), it left the control of the Japanese government and became an independent religious corporation under the Religious Corporation Law after being certified by the Governor of Tokyo. It is a representative facility of State Shinto.

enshrined deity

From the end of the Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, the national system with the emperor at the top was followed by incidents and wars in Japan and abroad after the arrival of Commodore Perry in 1853 (so-called 'the arrival of the Black Ships'). The soldiers who died in the war, civilian employees of the military, and others who died in the war are enshrined as ``heroic spirits,'' and the number of pillars (pillars are units for counting gods) totaled 2.46 million as of October 17, 2004. There are 6,532 pillars (see 'Breakdown of Enshrined Gods' for details). Initially, the enshrined deity was called 'Tadakon' or 'Tadakon,' but with the Russo-Japanese War from 1904 to the following year, the name was changed to 'Eirei.' This term is directly related to the Chinese poetry 'Buntensho no Sanki no Uta' by Toko Fujita at the end of the Edo period, and the phrase 'Heroic spirits are still dead, eternally between heaven and earth' is loved by patriots. It comes from that. At first, there was only one deity enshrined in the main hall, but in 1959, in commemoration of the 90th anniversary of its foundation, Kitashirakawanomiya Imperial Prince Yoshihisa, who was enshrined at Taiwan Shrine and Tainan Shrine, and Mongjiang Shrine were enshrined. He enshrined Kitashirakawa-no-miya Eternal King who was enshrined in (Zhangjiakou) and created a new seat. Therefore, there are currently two shrines, one that enshrines the spirits of the heroes and one that enshrines Imperial Prince Yoshihisa and Eternal King. Military personnel and civilian employees from former Japanese colonies are also subject to rituals. In response to this, some of the bereaved families of Taiwan and South Korea, which were ruled by Japan as colonies, are demanding that their ancestors be excluded from the list (Yasukuni Shrine issue #Combined enshrinement of soldiers and military personnel from the former Japanese colonies). Breakdown of enshrined deities The main breakdown of enshrined deities is as follows (as of October 17, 2004). The names of wars and incidents are sorted in chronological order according to the notation of Yasukuni Shrine itself. note

company name

The orthographic notation is ``Yasukuni Shrine''. "Yasukuni" in the name of the shrine is based on "Shunju Sauji Den" Vol.