Shizuoka City

Article

July 5, 2022

Shizuoka City is a city located in the central part of Shizuoka Prefecture. It is the prefectural capital of Shizuoka prefecture and is an ordinance-designated city. Together with Hamamatsu City in the same prefecture, it functions as the central city of the Shizuoka-Hamamatsu metropolitan area, which is the fifth largest city in Japan.

Overview

It is located approximately halfway between Tokyo and Nagoya on the Taiheiyo Belt Belt, and is also located approximately in the center between the east and west of Shizuoka Prefecture. It consists of three wards, Aoi Ward, Suruga Ward, and Shimizu Ward, and the range connects from Suruga Bay to the north-south to the prefectural border of the Akaishi Mountains (Southern Alps) via Nihondaira, Shizuoka Plain and Shimizu Plain. The climate is very mild and mild, with little snow and sunny days throughout the year. Due to the new merger of the former Shizuoka City and the former Shimizu City, it was established on April 1, 2003, and on April 1, 2005, it became the 14th ordinance-designated city in Japan. The city system enforcement date is the newest among the ordinance-designated cities in Japan. It is the second largest in the prefecture after Hamamatsu City in terms of both population and area. The population at its peak was about 740,000, but as of 2020, it is the smallest of the ordinance-designated cities due to the rapid population decline in recent years. There are about 40,000 business establishments in the city, and the annual product sales amount exceeds 3 trillion yen, and it is functioning as a commercial city and a business city in the central area of ​​Shizuoka prefecture. It is a multi-nuclear city that has both the central Shizuoka center from Shizuoka Station to the area around Sufu Castle and the central Shimizu city center from the area around Shimizu Port. It has many tourist resources such as Miho no Matsubara, Sufu Castle, Shimizu Port, Shizuoka Asama Shrine, Kunozan Toshogu, Toro Remains, and Oku-Siz, which are designated as world heritage sites. It is also one of the tourist cities in the prefecture, such as holding a large-scale event that attracts a large number of participants, and is visited by about 25 million tourists annually. The area around Sunpu Castle was called "Sunpu", and in the early Edo period, it functioned as a substantial capital city in the politics of the great lords (Sunpu administration), and was a large city alongside Edo and Kamigata (Kyoto and Osaka).

Regional relations

Due to the merger of the former Abe District area until 1969, it has the fifth largest area in Japan, but the forest area is about 80% of the city area, which is the highest among all prefectural capitals and government-designated cities, and the population is about 98. % Are concentrated in urban areas, which are less than 8% of the city area, forming a high-density city. On the other hand, the rate of condominiums in the city is the lowest in the ordinance-designated city due to concerns about the collapse of buildings due to the Nankai Trough giant earthquake. As a result, land prices tend to rise, and the official land prices before the bubble economy are higher than some of the former six major cities such as Yokohama and Kobe, and are currently in a stagnation state due to the reluctance to lend and the population decline during the bubble period. However, it is one of the top-class ordinance-designated cities, overtaking some regional central cities such as Sapporo and Chiba and large cities in the metropolitan area. Due to the division of Sunpu's 96-ga town during the Sunpu administration, the road width in the central city area tends to be narrow. Most of the city area is composed of Oku-Siz. In addition to the northern Akaishi Mountains, there are many mountains in urban areas such as Nihondaira, Shizuhatayama, Yatsuyama, and Hachimanyama. On March 27, 2009, the "Central City Revitalization Basic Plan" was certified by the national government as two districts (Shizuoka district and Shimizu district).

Geography

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According to the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan's area survey by prefecture, city, ward, town, and village, the area of ​​Shizuoka City is 1,411.90 square kilometers. According to "Shizuoka Prefecture Municipal Offices / Offices and Longitude / Latitude of East, West, South and North Ends (World Geodetic System)" (Geographical Survey Institute), the spread of Shizuoka City is as follows. In addition, "Japan's