Shizuoka Prefecture

Article

July 5, 2022

Shizuoka Prefecture (English: Shizuoka Prefecture) is a prefecture located in the central region of Japan. The prefectural office is located in Shizuoka City.

Overview

With a straight line distance of 155km from east to west and 118km from north to south, it maintains the 13th largest prefecture area in Japan and has a population of about 3.6 million, which is the 10th largest in the country. Most of Izu, the former province of Japan, is a prefecture equivalent to about three countries, Suruga and Totomi. There are significant differences in residents' awareness, dialects, and culture depending on the region. It faces the vast Southern Alps on the north side, Suruga Bay and Enshu Nada on the south side. There are municipalities in 23 cities, 10 wards and 12 towns, and there are no villages. With about 200,000 offices and the fourth largest shipment value of manufactured products in Japan, it is also one of the leading industrial areas in Japan. It is the birthplace of Honda and has the headquarters of Suzuki and Yamaha Motor, as well as motorcycles, pianos and plastic models. It boasts the largest export volume in Japan. In addition, the Yaizu fishing port, which has the largest landing amount in Japan, and Shizuoka tea are famous, and the primary industry is flourishing, and the sixth industrialization using the east-west transportation network and ports is also progressing. With Shizuoka City and Hamamatsu City, which are designated by government ordinances, and Numazu City and Fuji City, which are special cities at the time of enforcement, there are 10 cities with a population of 100,000 or more, and the population tends to be dispersed mainly in the plains. Yes, there is no leading city (Primate City). In addition, there are many world heritage sites such as Mt. Fuji, Mt. Fuji Hongu Asama Shrine, Nirayama Reverberatory Furnace, Miho no Matsubara, Izu Peninsula Geopark, Atami Onsen, Mishima Taisha, Kunozan Toshogu, Toro Remains, Oigawa Railway, etc. It has the tourism resources of Mt. Fuji and is visited by about 150 million tourists annually.

Geography

Wide 袤

According to "Shizuoka Prefecture Municipal Offices / Offices and Longitude / Latitude of East, West, South and North Ends (World Geodetic System)" (Geographical Survey Institute), the spread of Shizuoka Prefecture is as follows. In addition, the center of population according to "Japan's Center of Population-From the Results of the 2015 Census-" (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications) is also shown. Shizuoka Prefectural Office --34 degrees 58 minutes 37 seconds north latitude 138 degrees 22 minutes 59 seconds east longitude (Otemachi, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka City) East end --35 degrees 02 minutes 22 seconds north latitude 139 degrees 10 minutes 36 seconds east longitude (Hatsushima, Atami City) West end --34 degrees 45:00 north latitude 137 degrees 28 minutes 27 seconds east longitude (Ota, Kosai City: Kamiishiyama) South end --34 degrees 34 minutes 25 seconds north latitude 138 degrees 56 minutes 36 seconds east longitude (Mikomoto Island, Shimoda City) North end-North latitude 35 degrees 38 minutes 45 seconds East longitude 138 degrees 13 minutes 42 seconds (Tashiro, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka City: Mt. Aino) Center of Population --34 degrees 55 minutes 34.62 seconds north latitude 138 degrees 18 minutes 46.32 seconds east longitude (Okabe, Okabe-cho, Fujieda City)

Terrain

64% of the total area of ​​the prefecture is composed of non-resident forests, and most of the population is concentrated in a few plains, forming a dense city. In the north, the mountains of the Akaishi Mountains, which have peaks over 3,000 m above sea level, rise and become the headwaters of the Oi and Abe rivers, which are first-class water systems. There are many quaternary volcanoes in the eastern part, and Mt. Fuji, Mt. Hakone, and the eastern Izu volcano group are still active, and many large volcanoes such as Mt. Amagi and Mt. I built it up. This Izu Peninsula is the only one in Honshu on the Philippine Sea plate, and Mt. Fuji is formed on the extension of the Suruga Trough, which is the plate boundary. There are many plateaus and plains in the southwest. The Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line runs north-south in the center of the prefecture, and the Abe River is at the southern end. Therefore, the geological structure is completely different in the east and west of the prefecture with the Abe River as the boundary. The shape of Shizuoka Prefecture is sometimes compared to a goldfish, in which case the west is the head and the east is the tail.

Natural Park

Climate

The climate is on the Pacific side of the whole area, but the difference in altitude is large, so the temperature difference between regions is large. The plains and coastal areas in winter are extremely affected by the Kuroshio Current in Honshu.