Ordinance on provisional measures for laws and regulations that should be applied to the area of ​​Toshima-mura, Oshima-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture


July 5, 2022

Cabinet Order on Temporary Measures for Laws and Regulations to be applied to the area of ​​Tokara Village, Oshima-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture Cabinet Order No. 380) is a Japanese government ordinance (Potsdam Order) that stipulates provisional measures for laws and regulations as the Tokara Islands north of latitude 30 degrees north (including Kuchinoshima) and latitude 29 degrees north return to the mainland. The title before the revision by Decree No. 103 of April 11, 1952 was "Memorandum of Understanding of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers on December 5, 1952" "Political Ordinance on Temporary Measures Concerning Toshima Village, Oshima-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture" Along with the politics of the Japanese politics and the politics of the Japanese politics, Kagoshima politics and Shimamura politics).


The Potsdam Declaration Islands (currently Toshima Village, Kagoshima County, Kagoshima Prefecture), which was under the rule of the United States after the end of World War II, was located south of latitude 30 degrees north (including Kuchinoshima) and north latitude 29 degrees north (Showa 27). (Y1) The so-called Potsdam Order based on the "Potsdam Declaration" Declaration No. It was enforced as. As similar laws and regulations that came into effect in the area that was ruled by the United States of America due to World War II and returned to the mainland, the Law Concerning Provisional Measures for the Application of Laws and Regulations Accompanying the Return of the Amami Islands (Law No. 267 of 1958), Ogasawara There is a law concerning provisional measures for the application of laws and regulations accompanying the return of the islands (Law No. 83 of 1968) and a law concerning special measures accompanying the return of Okinawa (Law No. 129 of 1971).

Application of law

According to the following provisions, the laws and regulations applicable to the area of ​​the Tokara Islands that have returned to the mainland will be applied to areas other than those specified by Cabinet Order. Cabinet orders were enacted in sequence, and all Japanese laws were applied with the abolition of this Cabinet Order following the conclusion of a peace treaty with Japan.

Establishment of Toshima Village

In addition, the delegation order "Cabinet Order on the Application of the Local Autonomy Law for Toshima-mura, Oshima-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture and the accompanying transitional measures" (Cabinet Order No. 13 of 1952) was issued on February 10, 1952. Toshima-mura, Oshima-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture, which is a local government under the Local Autonomy Act (Act No. 67 of 1947), was newly established based on the provisions of Paragraph 1.


February 2, 1946-The Japanese government and Kagoshima prefecture's administrative and judicial powers in the area south of latitude 30 degrees north (including Kuchinoshima) are suspended and become under the control of the United States. 1951 (Showa 26) December 5-The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers issued the "Memorandum of Understanding on the Political and Administrative Separation of Some Outer Regions from Japan" (SCAPIN 677/1). As a result, it was decided to return the Tokara Islands to the mainland. December 21-Oshima-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture, following the memorandum of understanding of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers on December 5, 1952, "Matters concerning the political and administrative separation of some outside regions from Japan" "Government Ordinance on Provisional Measures for Toshima Village" was promulgated and applied retroactively on December 5. 1952 (Showa 27) February 4-South of 30 degrees north latitude (including Kuchinoshima) The area north of 29 degrees north latitude returns to the mainland. On the same day, the mandate order "Toshima-mura, Oshima-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture"