International Olympic Committee

Article

July 6, 2022

The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique; English: International Olympic Committee, IOC) is an international sports administration headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland. It was founded in 1894 by Pierre de Coubertin of France and Dimitrios Viquelas of Greece. A total of 206 countries have joined, and each continent consists of a National Olympic Committee (NOC). The International Olympic Committee hosts the Winter Olympics and Youth Olympics every four years. The first Summer Olympics hosted by the International Olympic Committee were held as the 1896 Summer Olympics, and the first Winter Olympics were held as the 1924 Winter Olympics. Until 1992, the Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year, but from the following year, they are held alternately every two years for convenience in preparation for the Games. The first Youth Olympics were held from the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics, and the Winter Youth Olympics were held from the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. The current chairman is Thomas Bach from Germany, and the honorary chairman is former chairman Jacques Rogge from Belgium.

History

The International Olympic Committee was founded on 23 June 1894 by Pierre de Coubertin. The first chairman was Demetrius Vikelas of Greece. As of September 2018, the number of active members of the International Olympic Committee is 96, and the number of honorary members is 41. In addition, there is one honorary chairman (Jacques Rogge). The IOC organizes the Modern Olympics and Youth Olympics, held every four years in summer and winter. The first Summer Olympics were held in Athens, Greece in 1896, and the first Winter Olympics were held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. The first summer yoga was in Singapore in 2010 and the first winter yoga was in 2012. Until 1992, the Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year. However, after that year, the IOC switched the Winter Olympics to a normal year between the Summer Olympics, allowing the two sports to float together and improve the financial balance of the IOC, which receives a proportionately higher income in the Olympic year. In 2009, the IOC was granted the status of a permanent associate member (observer) according to a related resolution of the UN General Assembly. This allows the IOC to participate directly in the setting of the UN's agenda, and also to allow delegates to attend UN General Assembly meetings. During each Olympic declaration, the announcers speak in different languages. French is always spoken first, followed by the English translation, and then the dominant language of the host country. In November 2015, the IOC received approval to establish a new headquarters in Vidi, Lausanne. The cost of the project was estimated at $156 million. The IOC announced the launch of the "Olympic House" on June 23, 2019, in time for its 125th anniversary on February 11, 2019. The Olympic Museum remains in Ochi, Lausanne.

Mission and Role

The mission of the International Olympic Committee is to expand the Olympic base to the world and lead the Olympic movement. These missions and roles are specified in the Olympic Charter, and the details are as follows. To encourage and support the organization, development and harmony of sports and sporting events To ensure the regular hosting of the Olympic Games To cooperate with sufficient public or private organizations in efforts to establish sport as a service to humanity and promote peace; To combat discrimination in any way that may affect the Olympic Movement To encourage and support the promotion of women at all levels and in all structures of sport for the purpose of realizing the principle of equality between men and women;

Olympic Organizing Committee

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