Kyushu

Article

May 29, 2022

Kyushu (Japanese: 九州) is the third largest island in Japan and the 36th largest island in the world. Together with Honshu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido, it is one of the representative islands of the Japanese archipelago. Seven prefectures are established: Fukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Oita, Miyazaki, and Kagoshima. It is the 37th largest island after England's Spitsbergen Island (Norway), one of the world's islands. In geology and archaeology, the name Kyushu is also used. In addition, Kyushu, excluding Okinawa Prefecture (which is nominally included in the Kyushu region), has a similar population (12.81 million) and 1.3 times as large as the Yeongnam region of Korea (13.05 million). Kyushu region (Japanese: 九州地方 Kyushuchiho[*]) is a region centered on Kyushu located at the southern tip of mainland Japan. When referring to the Kyushu region, Okinawa Prefecture in the Ryukyu Islands is sometimes included in the above seven prefectures.

Geography

The Kyushu Mountain Range was formed in the center. Mt. Aso, which forms the core, has the world's largest caldera stretching 18 km east to west and 25 km north to south. The topography of Kyushu can be broadly divided into three parts. The northern part is a fairly gentle mountainous region, and the southern part is an adduct that was created from the Cretaceous to the Tertiary period, so it is completely different from the northern geological structure and consists of quite rugged mountains. The central part was separated by the sea connected to the Seto Inland Sea until hundreds of thousands of years ago, but it was filled with lava created by several eruptions of Mt. Aso and became a single island. As a result, many hot springs were created in Oita and Kumamoto Prefectures, and Oita Prefecture, Kumamoto Prefecture, and Miyazaki Prefecture are selected as popular destinations for university student MT throughout Japan.

Peripheral

Kyushu is surrounded by the East Sea, the East China Sea, and the Pacific Ocean (Philippine Sea). Straits: Kanmon Strait, Tsushima Strait, Iki Waterway, Shirushima Strait, Hoyo Strait, Osumi Strait, Tanega Strait Shima Strait Bay: Ariake Sea, Omura Bay, Beppu Bay, Kagoshima Bay Islands: Tsushima, Iki Island, Hirado Island, Goto Islands, Amakusa Islands, Kojijima Islands, Kusagaki Islands垣群島), Uji Islands (宇治群島), Satsunan Islands Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands) Taito Islands

Climate

Kyushu, located between 30 and 34 degrees north latitude, is the warmest in Japan after the Ogasawara Islands. The climate between the areas south of the Amami Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture and north of Tanegashima in Kagoshima Prefecture differs significantly. In the region north of Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture, summer is warm and precipitation is high, and winter is cold and precipitation is low. However, in the mountainous regions of Kyushu, including Mt. Aso, the temperature is very low and there is a lot of snow. However, unlike in Honshu, there is rarely a heavy snowfall. Southern Oita Prefecture, Miyazaki Prefecture, Kagoshima Prefecture Osumi Region, and Kagoshima Prefecture Tanegashima Region, which are located on the Pacific coast in the southern part, receive a lot of rainfall in summer and are often damaged by typhoons. It is warm in winter and there is little snowfall. The climate around Fukuoka Prefecture and northern central Oita Prefecture is similar to that of Shikoku and Chugoku, with little precipitation. In addition, western Fukuoka Prefecture, Saga Prefecture, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kumamoto Prefecture, western Oita Prefecture, and Satsuma Prefecture in Kagoshima Prefecture, which occupy most of Kyushu, receive quite a lot of precipitation in winter. However, there are few times when it snows because the Korean Peninsula blocks snow clouds. The temperature in Fukuoka is quite high. going below freezing