May 29, 2022
Gran Colombia or Greater Colombia (Spanish: Gran Colombia) refers to the Republic of Colombia from 1819 to 1831. The territory included all of Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama, including present-day Colombia, as well as parts of Costa Rica, Peru, Brazil and Guyana. It was founded under the initiative of the Republic of Gran Colombia, which, following the example of the United States, encompassed all colonies located in South America, operated as a federal system by Simon Bolivar, a pioneer of colonial liberation and independence in Latin America, to unite individual resistances to Spanish rule. . However, it was disbanded after the death of Simon Bolivar and others who tried to mediate the independence, which broke out between the federalists and the separatists after independence, and the United States did not want a strong united state in the Americas. Today, the flags of Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador are influenced by the flag of Gran Colombia.