November 30, 2021
Kiyose City (清瀬市, きよせshi) is a city in the northern part of the Tama region of Tokyo.
Kiyose City is located in a wedge shape between Niza City and Tokorozawa City in Saitama Prefecture. It faces Tokorozawa City in Saitama Prefecture to the north by the Yanase River to the west, and Higashi Kurume City in Tokyo Prefecture to the south. Kiyose City has a lot of green areas, the proportion of which is 46%.
Kiyose is located on the northeastern edge of the Musashino site. The length from northeast to southwest is 6.5 km and the length from northwest to southeast is 2 km. The west side is the slope of the earth, and it is relatively higher than the east side. The elevation is 65m in Takeoka in the west and 20m in Shitajuku in the northeast, with a difference of 45m in elevation. Most of this area is mostly Pleistocene, with the exception of alluvial soil in the Yanase River basin.
Early humans appeared in the Guillocene during the Late Ice Age 20,000 years ago. The population increased about 4000 years ago, but from 3000 years ago to the middle of the 10th century, very few people lived because of the decrease in the population. As Kiyose's population increased in the second half of the 10th century, people began to settle in Noshio, Nakazato, and Shitajuku around the banks of the Yanase River because the wells could not be dug deep.
After Takauji Ashikaga established a new regime, Kiyose was under the rule of Nobushige Oishi. Oishi built a castle called Takinojo, but it was destroyed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
After 1868, the government authorities changed the administrative divisions on a large scale, and on April 1, 1889, Kamikiyoto villages, Nakakiyoto villages, Shimokkiyoto villages, and Kiyotoshitajuku were established. Kiyose Village, under the jurisdiction of Kitatama County, Kanagawa Prefecture, was established by combining the villages, Noshio, and Nakazato. In 1893, following the wishes of the local people, Kitatama-gun was incorporated into Tokyo along with Nishitama-gun and Minamitama-gun. The railway opened in 1915, but there were no stations in the area. In 1954, Kiyose became a township due to an increase in the population. After that, the population increased further, and on October 1, 1970, it was elevated from a town to a city.
Seibu Railway Ikebukuro Line
East Japan Railway Company Musashino Line
(Japanese) Official website