nazi germany


May 29, 2022

Nazi Germany (German: NS-Staat) refers to the Nazi Party and Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler. Nazi Germany established a totalitarian dictatorship in which the government controlled the lives of its people, self-proclaimed as the successor to the Holy Roman Empire and the German Empire, and declared itself the Great Germany (German: Großdeutsches Reich [*] ]) or the Third Reich (German: Drittes Reich [*]). Generally, January 30, 1933, when Hitler became prime minister, is regarded as the beginning of the Nazi regime, and it invaded Poland in 1939 and started World War II, but was defeated by the Allies in May 1945 and was destroyed after about 12 years. did. On January 30, 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of the Weimar Republic with the assistance of Paul von Hindenburg, President of the Weimar Republic. After that, the Nazi Party led by Hitler began to purge all opposition parties, and when President Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934, Hitler emerged as the only absolute power in Germany. In a referendum held on August 19, 1934, Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, all power was concentrated on him and his words were law. In the early days of his reign, Hitler seemed to successfully overcome the aftermath of the Great Depression that struck the Weimar Republic through a state-led mixed economy with large-scale public projects such as the military industry and autobahn construction. received wide support. The main ideologies of the Nazi Party included racism, eugenics, and anti-Semitism. Among all races in the world, Aryans of white descent were considered the most superior race, and among them, Germans were considered to be the naturally superior race. Immediately after coming to power, the Nazis explicitly suppressed Jews and Romans, and in March 1933 they set up their first concentration camps and began to drive in all ethnicities they considered 'impure'. Jews, liberals, socialists, and communists were mainly imprisoned in these camps. Others who rebelled against the Nazi Party were detained and tortured or killed in absolute numbers. During this period, Christian forces, academics, and the arts that did not cooperate with the Nazis were also monitored and oppressed, and if they did not cooperate, they had to be expelled or threatened with life. Education policy focused on totalitarian ideology education such as racism, population policy, and eugenics, and there were many educational contents related to the military in particular. Also, because Nazi Germany had a fundamentally patriarchal perception, women's advancement into society became much more restricted. At the 1936 Summer Olympics, Germany succeeded in showing off its developed national power to the world, and Joseph Goebbels, then German propaganda minister, manipulated public opinion by effectively using films, mass gatherings, and the media. Nazi Germany implemented an expansionist foreign policy to threaten neighboring countries based on military power or to expand its territory through warfare. Nazi Germany, which annexed Austria and Czechoslovakia, where many German nationalities reside, and gained control of most of central Europe, soon invaded Poland on September 1 of the same year after signing a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union in 1939. marked the beginning of World War II. Nazi Germany was triumphant at first