Agriculture

Article

January 19, 2022

Agriculture (農業, English: agriculture) or agriculture (農耕) is the cultivation and production of plants (grains, vegetables, fruits, flowers, medicines, fibers, etc.) beneficial to humans (grains, vegetables, fruits, flowers, etc.) by using soil or land, and the production of livestock and all activities and research related to quality control. It is an industry that was made for living things such as livestock and crops, and played a significant role in starting the settled life of human beings while creating the concept of economic surplus. It is also an activity. There are traces of wild grain harvests from at least 105,000 years ago, and early farmers appeared and began to cultivate crops 11,500 years ago, and this early farming took place in 11 separate places around the world. Livestock such as goats, sheep and cattle were domesticated about 10,000 years ago. In the 20th century, intensive agriculture based on large-scale monoculture and mechanization was mainly carried out, but many farmers still make their living by subsistence agriculture. Agricultural science is the study of agricultural production, management methods, and effects. Due to advanced agriculture, breed improvement, and agrochemicals such as pesticides, pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, the global yield has increased significantly compared to the past, but at the same time, it is causing great natural destruction and soil pollution.

History

Agriculture occurred independently in many different regions of the world and included various taxa. Occurred as independent origins in at least 11 regions, both in the Old and New Worlds. Grains were collected and consumed at least 105,000 years ago. Pigs were domesticated in Mesopotamia around 15,000 years ago. Rice was cultivated in China 13,500 to 8,200 years ago, followed by mung beans, beans and red beans. Sheep were domesticated in Mesopotamia between 13,000 and 11,000 years ago.

Agricultural Research

The influence of agriculture has reduced the variety of food that mankind ate.

Output

Global agricultural output according to UN Food and Agriculture Organization statistics

Agriculture by Country

South Korea

In Korea, agriculture has been highly valued as the basis of human life according to the old saying, 'The peasant and the peasant and the poor (農者天下之大本也)'. However, people who are engaged in agriculture have been neglected in the "world scenario" from the social and economic point of view. In particular, the development of modern machinery and material civilization and the explosive increase of the global population in the 20th century have brought about fundamental changes and innovations in agricultural production, as well as a number of problems in various fields of diet related to agriculture. Fields related to agriculture include biology, genetics, chemistry, geography, geology, meteorology, political science, economics, and food and nutrition. Also, in the case of rice farming on the Korean Peninsula, the world's oldest rice seed, Sorori rice seed, was discovered in Cheongwon, North Chungcheong Province, but Lee Yong-jo (Chungbuk National University professor) announced that it was pure rice before cultivated rice. The excavation team of Han Chang-gyun and others recorded that rice seeds excavated from Daecheon-ri began in the Neolithic Age in the Daecheon-ri excavation report. Rice farming in the true sense can be said to have begun in the Bronze Age. It is said that the cultivation of other grains has been centered on millet and millet since the Neolithic period.

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

In the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, agricultural facilities are weak, and North Korea's inflation after Kim Il-sung's death has been severe.

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