President of the Republic of Korea

Article

May 29, 2022

The President of the Republic of Korea (大統領, English: President of the Republic of Korea) is the head of state and head of administration of the Republic of Korea. According to the current constitution, the five-year single term system is followed.

Presidency

Status as head of state

The president is in the position of head of state. The Constitution of the Republic of Korea states, “He is the head of the state and represents the state to foreign countries.” It is stipulated that The head of state symbolizes the unity and permanence of the state under domestic law, and refers to a state institution that exercises the highest sovereignty in the country and has the qualifications to represent the state externally. It is in accordance with the status of the head of state that the president has the authority to conclude and ratify treaties, to trust, receive, or dispatch diplomatic envoys, and to declare war and strengthen diplomatic relations according to the Constitution.

Status as head of government

The president is in the position of head of government. Article 66 (4) of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea stipulates that “the executive power belongs to the government headed by the President.” According to this regulation, the president has the position of head of administration, which means that the government is organized and led by him. The President has the authority to organize the government, appoint the heads of administrative departments, and has the authority to organize and control the Board of Audit and Inspection. This indicates the status of the president as head of administration. He also has the right to appoint and appoint officers to perform certain duties, such as a permanent passport. And the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces is the authority that the Ministry of National Defense has as the head of the executive branch because it belongs to the executive branch.

Status as Guardian of the Constitution

Article 66 (2) and (3) of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea states, “The president has the responsibility to protect the independence of the country, the preservation of the territory, the continuity of the state, and the constitution. The president has a sincere duty for the peaceful reunification of the country.”

Presidential Election

A person who can be elected president has the right to be elected as a member of the National Assembly and must reach the age of 40 on the day of the election. The presidential election period is stipulated in terms of when the term of office has expired and when the vacancy has occurred. When the term of office of the President expires, a successor shall be elected 70 to 40 days before the expiration of the term of office. When the President becomes vacant, or when the President-elect dies or loses his/her qualifications due to a judgment or other reasons, a successor shall be elected within 60 days. The president is determined by the person who gets the most votes through universal, equal, direct, and secret elections of the people. do. Therefore, the winner is the person who gets the most votes without any restrictions on the percentage of votes received. When there is only one candidate for president, he cannot be elected president unless that person receives at least one-third of the total number of votes cast.

Past Presidential Election Results

President-elect

When the current president is elected as the next president by holding an election with about 70 days remaining in his term, he becomes the president-elect. When the incumbent and former president finishes his term and the elected president takes office, he is called the official president. The current president-elect is Yoon Seok-yeol.

Term of the President

The president's term of office is five years and cannot be reappointed. In addition, the term of office of the President may be extended or