November 30, 2021
Tokyo Metropolitan Government (Japanese: 東京都 Tokyo [*]) is the capital of Japan and is located in the Kanto region. It has the largest population among administrative districts of Japan, with 14,049,146 as of 2021. To the east, it faces Tokyo Bay on the Pacific coast. In the west, Mt. Kumotori is the highest peak, and there is the Kanto Mountain Range.
It is connected to the Tobu (23 wards), Tamaji Station (26 cities, 3 towns, 1 village) and the island prefecture (2 towns, 7 villages), and the prefectural office is located in Shinjuku-ku.
Administrative institutions, financial institutions, and large corporations are concentrated, forming the backbone of Japan in terms of culture such as newspapers, broadcasting and publishing, and education and academia of universities and research institutes. In terms of transportation, it is also the center of railway networks, road networks, and air routes, and it is a city that plays a very important role in the world in various areas such as economy, culture, transportation, commerce, and finance.
The metropolitan area is made up of Tokyo Metropolitan Government and 7 surrounding prefectures. In particular, the total population of the Tokyo area (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa) is about 35 million, accounting for about 30% of the Japanese population.
The jurisdictional area consists of four branch offices (2 towns and 7 villages): the Tokyo Metropolitan Ward (23 wards of Tokyo), the Tama area (26 cities, 3 towns, 1 village), and the Tokyo Islands (Oshima, Miyake, Hachijo, Ogasawara). A prefecture located at the pole of Japan to include Okinotori Reef and Minamitori Island to include the Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo Metropolis (Tokyo Met.), Tokyo Prefecture, and Tokyo Metropolitan Prefecture are the English representations of 'Tokyo', which has been approved by the provincial government.
The population broke through to 14,049,146 as of July 1, 2021. It has the largest population among prefectures in Japan and accounts for about 11% of the Japanese population. The population density is also the highest in the prefecture. The Tokyo metropolitan area centered on Tokyo is the world's largest metropolitan area with a population of over 37 million. Approximately 30% is concentrated and equals the total population of countries such as Poland and Morocco, Canada.
In Tokyo, there is the former Edo, where the Edo Shogunate was placed, and Tokugawa Ieyasu developed greatly due to urban planning. At the end of the turbulence, it was written as "Tokyo" in the documents of the first year of Meiji. It was transferred from Heian-kyo (Kyoto) on February 11, 1869 (refer to Tokyo Metropolitan Government, List of Old Capitals) and became Tokyo Prefecture when the subtitle was implemented in 1878. On July 1, 1943, during World War II, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government was implemented to strengthen the administrative divisions of the capital. As a result, Tokyo Prefecture and Tokyo City were abolished, and Tokyo Metropolitan Government was established in the form of a merger. Following the end of the war, with the enforcement of the Local Autonomy Act in Japan in 1947, the Tokyo Metropolitan System was abolished in 1943, but the name and administrative district of “Tokyo” did not change. It became a special district, a local public entity, and was granted authority equivalent to a city, but some administrative and tax collection rights are still reserved to the province. For this reason, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Office is still serving as both a "function as a city hall encompassing the 23 wards" and a "function as a prefectural office".
The Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government's decision-making body, was established, and the head of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government plays the role. Its powers are determined by the Local Autonomy Law of Japan and are elected by elections. The term of office is 4 years. Four governors of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government will be appointed as assistant governors. As of April 2017, the number of employees of the Metropolitan Government Office (so-called 'provincial employees') is about 25,000 general administrative employees such as branch offices, and 13,000 people in the public sector sector (transportation, water supply and sewerage, and also employees of the Tokyo Fire Department and Metropolitan Police Department) , including the teaching staff of national schools in Tokyo, the total is about 168,000.
The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building (Main Building) is �