German Social Democratic Party

Article

October 23, 2021

The German Social Democratic Party (German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is a German social-democratic party with a center-left orientation. Internationally, he is a member of the Progressive Alliance, and was a founding member of the Socialist International, but withdrew after refusing to pay membership dues in protest against joining an anti-democratic party. In general, in German media, red symbolizes the Social Democratic Party. Until the 1950s, the existing Marxist line was maintained, but when Konrad Adenauer, a strong anti-communist, was elected as Chancellor, developed an anti-communist aspect in Germany and forcibly dissolved the German Communist Party, the line was revised and the Marxist line was abandoned. Then, in 1998, when Gerhard Schröder, who was on the right in the party, was elected as the representative, the Social Democratic Party changed its course from social democracy to social liberalism and the third path. However, ahead of the 2017 German general election, the Social Democrats are trying to turn left again by electing Martin Schultz, a leftist within the party, as their leader. The Social Democratic Party, officially founded in 1875, is the oldest existing political party in Germany. It plays a leading role in European Social Democratic parties along with the French Socialist Party, British Labor Party, Italian Democratic Party, and Spanish Social Workers' Party. It is the two largest political party in Germany. Currently, the Social Democrats are in second place, winning 153 seats in the 2017 German Bundestag election. After the end of the war, the Social Democrats produced Willy Brandt, Helmut Schmidt and Gerhard Schröder as prime ministers. The Social Democratic Party (SPD) is mainly supported by urban industrial zones, and is particularly strong in Bremen and Hamburg. , which is behind the Left Party and ranks fourth in the vote In this regard, it is believed that this is because the Social Democrats have a relatively right-wing color than other left-wing parties in Europe, with anti-communist colors added from the time of the divided country in the past. In the 2017 German general election, Martin Schulz, also called Jeremy Corbyn, took the lead in approval ratings. was briefly raised, but as the Schultz effect ended, the actual general election results came out to around 20%. This was the worst post-war performance of the German Social Democrats, and even though Nales, who has a similar tendency to Schultz, was elected as the party leader, the Social Democratic Party's approval rating continues to decline.

Composition of the party

The German Social Democratic Party, unlike the American Democratic Party, has an orthodox European-style party operating system run by members of the Jin Catholic Party who pay a fixed amount every month, and has had an impact as a model for the way the Democratic Labor Party of Korea operates. Like this party, the Justice Party, Labor Party, and Green Party are also run by party members who pay a fixed amount of party fee by direct debit every month. and may exercise voting rights to elect officers of the local party member council. Currently, about 600,000 members of the Jinseong Party have voting rights in each region and directly elect local workers at the regional conventions, and the delegates elected here convey the opinions of the basic party members at the federal (national) convention, and elect the party chair and They express their opinions for and against decisions on the party's program and core policies. In addition, the leading politicians of the German Social Democrats have traditionally

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