German Social Democratic Party
October 23, 2021
The German Social Democratic Party (German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is a German social-democratic party with a center-left orientation. Internationally, he is a member of the Progressive Alliance, and was a founding member of the Socialist International, but withdrew after refusing to pay membership dues in protest against joining an anti-democratic party. In general, in German media, red symbolizes the Social Democratic Party. Until the 1950s, the existing Marxist line was maintained, but when Konrad Adenauer, a strong anti-communist, was elected as Chancellor, developed an anti-communist aspect in Germany and forcibly dissolved the German Communist Party, the line was revised and the Marxist line was abandoned. Then, in 1998, when Gerhard Schröder, who was on the right in the party, was elected as the representative, the Social Democratic Party changed its course from social democracy to social liberalism and the third path. However, ahead of the 2017 German general election, the Social Democrats are trying to turn left again by electing Martin Schultz, a leftist within the party, as their leader. The Social Democratic Party, officially founded in 1875, is the oldest existing political party in Germany. It plays a leading role in European Social Democratic parties along with the French Socialist Party, British Labor Party, Italian Democratic Party, and Spanish Social Workers' Party. It is the two largest political party in Germany. Currently, the Social Democrats are in second place, winning 153 seats in the 2017 German Bundestag election. After the end of the war, the Social Democrats produced Willy Brandt, Helmut Schmidt and Gerhard Schröder as prime ministers. The Social Democratic Party (SPD) is mainly supported by urban industrial zones, and is particularly strong in Bremen and Hamburg. , which is behind the Left Party and ranks fourth in the vote In this regard, it is believed that this is because the Social Democrats have a relatively right-wing color than other left-wing parties in Europe, with anti-communist colors added from the time of the divided country in the past. In the 2017 German general election, Martin Schulz, also called Jeremy Corbyn, took the lead in approval ratings. was briefly raised, but as the Schultz effect ended, the actual general election results came out to around 20%. This was the worst post-war performance of the German Social Democrats, and even though Nales, who has a similar tendency to Schultz, was elected as the party leader, the Social Democratic Party's approval rating continues to decline.