East Asia

Article

May 29, 2022

East Asia or Northeast Asia is a geographical and cultural name for the eastern part of Asia. The total area is 11,839,074 km², accounting for 15% of the total continent.

Countries in East Asia

East Asia has the following countries.

Transportation

In Korea, there are 31 highways with a length of 4,000 km, including Gyeongbu Expressway, which is the first national highway in Korea. In Korea, there are 3,000 km of railroads, metropolitan trains, and subways. Compared to roads, infrastructure is lacking. The metropolitan area, including Seoul, has the most extensive subway network, and subways are installed and operated in other metropolitan cities. In China, with the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the restoration work of railway lines destroyed by war and the construction of new railway lines were vigorously pursued. After 1957, the construction of international flights with the Soviet Union, Mongolia, Vietnam, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was carried out with the cooperation of Chinese and Soviet engineers. The Jining (Chinese: 集宁) railway linking Russia's Ulan-Ude-Ulaanbaatar-Allen connects Mongolia, Russia, and China, and the Choibalsan Railway is connected to the Siberian Railway. Also, routes to Vietnam, such as between Kunming and Hanoi, played an important role during the Vietnam War. In North Korea, the seven-year plan from 1961 has progressed with new railroad lines, wide-gauge conversion, electrification, and dieselization, but the shortage of transport capacity has not yet been resolved, and efforts are being made to continuously strengthen the railroad lines. have. International flights with China and Russia are operated under the management of the Korea-China Light Railway Federation Committee and the Joso Border Railway Cooperation Committee. In Asia, where the development of modern land transportation is lagging behind, water transportation plays a relatively large role. Rivers have been used as the most important transportation route and economic artery since ancient times, and the Yangtze River in particular has played an important role. Since ancient times in China, it has been called “Southern North Horse” to explain the economic significance of the Changgang water system. The Grand Canal, which was built for the purpose of transporting agricultural products from China to North China since the Sui Dynasty, is currently only used locally.

East Asian culture

As the culture of the Tang Dynasty spread to neighboring countries, the East Asian cultural sphere was formed. The cultures that the Tang dynasty spread to neighboring countries were Chinese characters, Confucianism, Law, Buddhism, and Taoism. The common elements that form the East Asian culture are as follows. Chinese Characters and Chinese Characters (Chinese Character Culture) Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism Buddhism (especially Mahayana and Zen Buddhism) However, there are a few exceptions in Korea and Mongolia, but there are exceptions in Korea and Mongolia, such as not using Chinese characters broadly, only following the rules of Confucianism or Neo-Confucianism, fewer Buddhists than Protestants, and no rules at all. A few exist.

Nature

In East Asia, there are rivers such as the Han River, Nakdong River, Yalu River, Tuman River, Yeongsan River, Yellow River, Songhua River, Liaohe River, and Yangtze River. Mountain ranges include Soxing Anling Mountains, Daxing Anling Mountains, Qingbai Mountains, and Taebaek Mountains, and lakes include Dongting, Panyang, Chaohu, Soyang Lake, and Daecheong Lake. The northern part of China is lined with mountain ranges, and the southern part is flat. In Korea, there is almost no flat land, and about 70% of it is mountainous. In Japan, inland of Hokkaido, inland Kyushu, and central Honshu, there are mountainous areas, and the rest is flat land due to the flow of ocean currents. Mongolia and China are the Gobi Desert, Taklamakansa