London

Article

May 29, 2022

London (Old English: Lunden Lunden; Latin: Londinium Londinium[*]) is the capital and largest city of England and England. With a population of 8,538,689 as of 2014, it is the largest area in the UK as well as the entire European metropolitan area. London has been developing for 2,000 years based on the River Thames, and its history begins when the Romans built a fortress called Rondinium. The City of London has been a central part of London since ancient times, measuring 1.12 miles (2.9 km2) and has remained unchanged since the Middle Ages, making it the smallest city in England with a population of 7,375 as of 2011. From at least the 19th century, the term "London" meant a metropolis developed around a surrounding city. Most of these metropolitan areas are the London Territory and Greater London, which is governed by the Mayor of London and the Parliament of London. London is a global city in the arts, economy, fashion, entertainment, finance, healthcare, media, professional, research and development industries. , tourism, and transportation, along with New York and Tokyo, are playing a leading role in the world. It is also referred to as one of the three largest cities in the world. In particular, it is one of the most important financial districts in the world, ranking 5th or 6th in the world's urban GDP rankings depending on the institution. It is one of the most visited cities in the world by passengers on international flights and has one of the highest passenger traffic in the world. London has the largest number of universities in Europe, with 43 universities. London hosted the Summer Olympics in 1908, 1948, and 2012, making it the first modern city to host three Summer Olympics. London is also geographically important. becomes the baseline for London is a city of many races and cultures, and more than 300 languages ​​are spoken within the London administrative district. London's official population is 8,174,100, making up 12.5% ​​of the UK's population, making it the most populous municipality in Europe. The Greater London metropolitan area is the second most populous European metropolitan area with 9,787,426 people as of 2011. The London metropolitan area has the highest population in Europe with 13,614,409 people, and Greater London has 2,100 people. London was also the most populous city in the world from 1831 to 1925. London has the Tower of London, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, Westminster Palace comprising Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Cathedral, Greenwich Observatory, prime meridian, zero longitude. °, Greenwich Mean Time, etc. Greenwich Historic Sites There are a total of four World Heritage Sites. Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Big Ben, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. There are also numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sports facilities, and cultural centers, such as the British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Modern, British Library, and West End. The London Underground is the world's first and oldest rail network.

History

Early History

Its origins date back to Roman times. When Julius Caesar conquered Britannia, the area of ​​present-day London was inhabited by Celts. Later, the Romans built a fortress called Londinium (Latin: Londinium) in 43 AD, which marked the beginning of London. In the early 200's, the Romans built many walls in the city, probably to defend the city from invaders.