Battle of Bannockburn
July 6, 2022
The Battle of Bannockburn was fought over two days, from 23 to 24 June 1314, during the War of Scottish Independence, when Scottish forces led by King Robert I of Scotland fought at Bannockburn, Stirling, Scotland, in England, led by Edward II, King of England. It was a battle that prevented an army invasion. It was 14 years later that Scotland became officially independent, but it is remarkable that the victory at Bannockburn contributed greatly. In 1313, King Robert I did not want to lose his estate to supporters still loyal to the deposed Scottish King John Balliol. Otherwise, he demanded the recognition of Robert I as king. Also, the commander of Stirling Castle, occupied by the English at the time, had made an agreement with King Robert I to surrender to Scotland if the siege was not lifted by 24 June 1314. For this reason, Edward II invaded Scotland with 25,000 men and 2,000 heavy cavalry men. The Scots had 6,000 men, and King Robert I divided them into three Scyltrons, each led by himself, his brother Edward Bruce, and his nephew Thomas Randolph. Killed by the ax of three, the English retreated into the night. On this day, King Robert I, hearing about the location of the English base and the atmosphere due to low morale from the English army deserters, planned an all-out offensive with his Skilltron. In the round that followed, the Scots won by defeating key English commanders including Gilbert de Claire and Robert de Clifford. The victory at Bannockburn is one of the most celebrated battles in Scottish history and has been celebrated in poetry and art for centuries. In 1964, the exact location of the battle is uncertain, but a monument to the battle was erected where it is believed to have taken place. Flowers of Scotland, the de facto national anthem of Scotland, written and composed in the 1960s by Roy Williamson, was recorded on this ship. It deals with the victory in the Battle of Knockburn.