Encyclopedia

Article

May 29, 2022

The encyclopedia (百科事典, English: encyclopedia, Latin: encyclopædia) is a book that has been systematically organized and interpreted for each item by collecting knowledge from various fields on all aspects of nature and human activities, such as science, technology, and art, and was mainly used as a reference book. . The English name of the encyclopedia, 'encyclopedia', is derived from the combination of the Greek words ἐγκύκλιος and παιδεία, which means to teach and nurture all kinds of knowledge. In other words, the original purpose of the encyclopedia was 'education'. Meanwhile, another purpose of the encyclopedia is 'reference'. Modern encyclopedias often have the purpose of both 'education' and 'reference'. The types of encyclopedias are divided according to the scope of the headwords. Constructing an encyclopedia with headwords with a wide range is called macro-itemism, and using headwords with a relatively narrow range is called sub-itemism. Major itemism is a method of explaining a topic in depth and comprehensively, and an educational encyclopedia chooses the method of collecting and weaving the papers of famous scholars, a typical example. On the other hand, encyclopedias adopting sub-itemism are described in a concise and concise manner for each heading, and have the advantage of providing information on various headings compared to large-itemism, so they are often used in encyclopedias for reference purposes. Today's encyclopedias have many compromises, and in terms of content, not only textual descriptions but also various reference materials such as photos, illustrations, and diagrams are provided. In modern times, with the development of information and communication technology, some are in the form of CD-ROM and DVD-ROM rather than in the form of traditional books, and others that are provided on the Internet have appeared. Korean encyclopedias provided online in Korea include Korean Wikipedia, Doosan World Encyclopedia, and Britannica World Encyclopedia.

History of the encyclopedia

The origin of the encyclopedia is a museum compiled by Gaius Plinius Secundus. The compilation method was like an oriental encyclopedia (類集), in which the various books of the Suyeongjajib (经史子集) in China were classified by item. Compilation like this collection was compiled until the 17th century. The first alphabetical encyclopedia was attempted in 1674 by Moreri in the Historical Dictionary, and later used by Alstid in the Encyclopaedia Septem Tomisdistincta. For reference, in the sense that they were collected according to the type of each item, Yuseo is also called Yuseo (類書), Yuchwi (類聚), and Hwijip (彙集).

After the encyclopedia

The encyclopedia, compiled by Chambers in 1728, is a modern encyclopedia. This encyclopedia is arranged in alphabetical order, marked with cross-references, and contains articles. Later, Chambers published a supplementary edition. By the middle of the 18th century, there was an era of encyclopedicism in France. The Encyclopedia was centered on Diderot, and Enlightenment scholars such as Rousseau, Kenneth, and Voltaire participated in large numbers. The second volume was published in 1751, but it was forfeited. After that, Diderot made more and completed 28 volumes in 1772, and 5 books and indexes were added to complete 35 volumes in total. Also, in the same year, the name of the 19th Century World Dictionary appeared. The book later became the Larus encyclopedia. In England in the same century, the world-renowned encyclopedia Britannica was published weekly in separate volumes from 1768, and made into three volumes in 1971. The encyclopedia has developed further and is now �