Boston Celtics


July 6, 2022

The Boston Celtics are a professional basketball team in the Atlantic Division of the NBA Eastern Conference, based in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It was named 'Celtics' because it is a city with strong Irish culture. It is the most prestigious team in NBA history with 17 wins and a particularly strong win rate in the finals. Centering on Bill Russell, the best defensive center of all time, he achieved the NBA record eight consecutive league victories from the 1958-59 season to the 1965-66 season, earning the nickname 'Boston Dynasty'. In the 1980s, the trio of Larry Bird, Robert Parrish and Kevin McHale added three more victories. In the 2007-08 season, he defeated the NBA's biggest rival, the Los Angeles Lakers, and achieved the championship based on the performances of Kevin Garnett, Paul Pierce, and Ray Allen, the so-called Big Three. However, two years later, in the 2009-10 season, they faced the Lakers again and finished runners-up in the close to Game 7. At the end of 2012, Ray Allen moved to the Miami Heat, ending the era of the Big Three. In the 2020s, Jason Tatum, Marcus Smart, and Jaylen Brown formed a new Big 3 and are challenging for the championship.


Early years (1946-1957)

The Boston Celtics were formed in 1946 and joined the NBA in 1949. In 1950, the Celtics became the first club to draft a black player, signing Chuck Cooper. Then, he reinforced it by recruiting point guard Bob Coogee and manager Red Hourbeck. He was drawn to the St. Louis Hawks (currently Atlanta Hawks) in the 1956 NBA Draft, who had an eye on Bill Russell, who had excellent defense and rebounding. Bill Russell was traded to the Celtics. However, Russell was called up to the United States national team at the 1956 Summer Olympics and did not play for the Celtics that season.

Bill Russell Dynasty (1957-1969)

In 1957, when Bill Russell joined, he won his first championship by defeating the St. Louis Hawks. Although they lost to the Hawks the following year, they won eight consecutive titles through the 1966 season following the signing of Casey Jones. The rivalry with the Los Angeles Lakers can be said to have started at this time, as they have faced each other in the Finals five times. Before the 1966-67 season, Red A Webbeck was forced to resign as manager, and while he was looking for a new manager, he asked Russell if he wanted to become a playing coach, and Russell accepted his offer. Russell became the first black director. However, the Celtics lost to the Philadelphia 76ers of Wilt Chamberlain in the Eastern Conference Finals, losing their ninth straight. In the 1967-68 season, they won their 10th championship with the Lakers 4-2 overall in the Finals. In the 1968-69 season, the Celtics looked desperate. The Celtics, filled with older players, had their worst record since the 1955-56 season with a 48-34 record in the regular season. However, the Celtics upset the 76ers and the New York Knicks and advance to the finals. The opponent was the Lakers filled with legends from Jerry West, Elgin Baylor and Wilt Chamberlain. Russell successfully blocked Chamberlain, but was unable to stop the bombings of West and Baylor and lost both the first and second legs. In Game 3, Russell breathes a sigh of relief as he tactics to tie West and Baylor to 35 points. In Game 4, Sam Jones' dramatic buzzer beater came in to win 89-88, and the series went on to win.