prehistoric times

Article

January 27, 2022

The prehistory (先史代, prehistory) is the period before mankind invented writing and recorded history.

Terminology

The term "prehistoric" was originally coined by the use of the term "Pré-historique" to describe the caves in southern France excavated by Paul Tournal, and was widely used in France by the 1830s, and in 1851 in the English-speaking world. Introduced by Daniel Wilson in 2000. Although the term prehistoric has been used since the beginning of life on Earth, and more commonly, since the advent of humankind on earth, the term can be used at any time the universe began. Scholars who study prehistory usually use a three-age system (Stone Age - Bronze Age - Iron Age) to divide the prehistoric era of mankind, whereas the era before the emergence of mankind is based on geological analysis methods through geological analysis and international within the geological era. It uses the stratum base defined by The three-age system classifies the prehistoric era of mankind into three successive eras by categorizing them by period. It is defined as follows according to the major tool making technology that is characteristic of each era. stone age Bronze Age The appearance of the Iron Age script varies from culture to culture, but appears in the late Bronze Age or the Iron Age. In other words, the distinction between the historical era and the prehistoric era is not what kind of tool was used, but rather the use of writing (and whether historical records were left in writing).

Definition

By definition, there is no writing left of human prehistoric times. Therefore, it is especially important to find out the age of the artifacts. The most reliable methods of dating were not well developed until the 19th century. The earliest studies of human prehistory were prehistoric archaeologists and physical anthropologists, who conducted other scientific analyzes, excavations, and geological and geographic surveys to uncover or interpret the characteristics and behaviors of pre-pole and illiterate peoples. method was used. Population geneticists and historical linguists have also provided valuable insight into these questions. Cultural anthropologists have also helped by providing a context for marriage and trade.

Stone Age

The era in which there are no historical documents at all. to the Stone Age and the Iron Age.

Paleolithic

The Paleolithic period refers to the period when the first stone tools were used, and is the earliest stage of the Stone Age. The earliest stage is called the Early Paleolithic, and begins with Homo habilis, which predates Homo sapiens. It has the earliest stone tools, dating back to around 2.5 million BC. Homo sapiens began around 200,000 BC, appearing in the Middle Paleolithic. Systematic burial practices and the use of music, early art, and increasingly complex and sophisticated tools characterize the Middle Stone Age. They lived a wandering, hunter-gatherer life. Gathering and hunting societies form very small communities, have abundant resources and developed food storage technology, and sometimes lead a sedentary life in a complex social structure with classes and classes. did. Long-distance trade was also established at this time.

Mesolithic

The Mesolithic Age, or Middle Paleolithic Age, is the “stage of development of human technology” and falls between the Stone Age and the Paleolithic and Neolithic. The Mesolithic period begins at the end of the Pleistocene, around 10000 BC, and ends with the beginning of agriculture. This period varies from region to region. In some areas, such as the Near East, agriculture was already underway at the end of the Pleistocene, where the Mesolithic was short and short.

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