August 20, 2022
Federation of Soviet Socialist Republics or Federation of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик Soyuz Sovetskyist Sochiali-Stychskych Lespublique: (Russian Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) Сове́тский Сою́з Sovetsky Soyuz[*]) or the USSR (Russian: СССР Essers[*], cultural language: USSR) was the first socialist in the world that existed in northern Eurasia from December 30, 1922 to December 26, 1991. It is a country. The February Revolution in Russia in March 1917 destroyed the Russian Empire. The Russian Provisional Government, established after the revolution, collapsed with the October Revolution of November 1917, and the Bolsheviks took power in Russia. White revolt against communism led to a civil war in Russia, but the Bolsheviks were victorious in the civil war. On December 30, 1922, the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic, the Zaucaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic were united to form the Soviet Union. The first Soviet leader, Lenin, died on January 21, 1924, and the Communist Party General Stalin became the new leader of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union achieved large-scale industrialization through Stalin's economic policies and strong political repression. On June 22, 1941, during World War II, Nazi Germany broke the non-aggression pact and invaded the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union won the Great Patriotic War on May 9, 1945 and entered the war against Japan in August 1945. The Soviet Union also won the war against Japan and became a victor in World War II. After the victory in World War II, the Soviet Union became a superpower vying for world dominance along with the United States. The Soviet Union and Central European satellite countries established a Cold War system against the Western world. This has led to conflict, tension, and competition between the United States and its allies, including the Soviet Union. In 1986, the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, tried to revive the Soviet economy through perestroika and Glasnost. The Soviet Union was officially disbanded on December 25, 1991, when Mikhail Gorbachev resigned after an unsuccessful August coup d'état by the conservatives of the Communist Party in August 1991.