November 30, 2021
The Republic of Sierra Leone is a country located on the western Atlantic coast of the African continent. It borders Guinea and Liberia. Sierra Leone is a relatively small country in Africa, with an area of 71,740 km2 and a population of about 6,296,803. It has a tropical climate with a variety of environments ranging from savannah to rainforest, and hot and humid in the cow system. Freetown is the capital, seat of government, and largest city, and the second largest city in Boh. Other major cities with a population of over 100,000 are Kenema, Koydu and Makeni. Sierra Leone is home to Fourah Bay College, West Africa's oldest university, founded in 1827, and Queen Elizabeth II Quay, QE II Quay, Deep Water Quay, the world's third largest natural port. ) is there. For this reason, it is called the “Athena of West Africa”. The early inhabitants of Sierra Leone included the Sherbroin, Temnein, Limbain, Tyrine, the Mendein, later known in Sierra Leone as the Roman Long, and the Konoin, who settled east of Sierra Leone. In 1462, the Portuguese explorer Ferdo da Sintral, who named Sierra Leone as Serra de Leão, meaning 'Lion Mountain', visited it. In 1833, in England, freed slaves were colonized by the prohibition of slavery due to the anti-slavery movement of humanitarians such as Anglican William Wilberforce. was intended to be used in the colonial management of patent companies and to separate blacks from whites. The ideology of the Dominion of Liberated Slaves has only a small remnant of its appearance in the capital, Freetown. Sierra Leone became an important center of transatlantic trade until 1792, when Freetown was founded by the Sierra Leone Company as a home for formerly enslaved African Americans. In 1808, Freetown became a British Crown Colony, the interior of Sierra Leone became a British protectorate in 1896, gained independence as a Commonwealth in 1961, and declared a republic in 1971. In 1981, military commander Josef Momo took office as the successor of Siaka Stevens, who had been in power for 17 years. It pursues a non-aligned diplomacy line and is close to Britain. The industry was originally economically dependent on coco palms and oil palms, but in recent years it is in the process of transforming into a mining country with the production of diamonds, bauxite, and iron ore. Diamonds have an output value of 339,000 carats, which accounts for 45% of exports. Trade is mainly aimed at European countries other than the UK and Germany, as well as the United States. Freetown is a natural port and has the oldest Pura Bay University in West Africa, so it is called 'Athenes of West Africa'. Religion is a tribal religion.