Adolf Eichmann

Article

May 29, 2022

Otto Adolf Eichmann (/ˈaɪxmən/EYEKH-mən, German: [ˈɔtoː ˈʔaːdɔlf ˈʔaɪçman]; March 19, 1906 – June 1, 1962) was a German and Austrian supreme assault leader and leader of Nazi Germany. took on He promotes and manages the deportation of millions of Jews to the ghettos and killing centers of Eastern Europe under Reinhard Heydrich during World War II for the implementation of the "final solution to the Jewish problem" in Nazi Germany, i.e. the Holocaust. took on the task. After the dissolution of Nazi Germany, Eichmann was arrested by Mossad agents in Argentina on 11 May 1960 and convicted of war crimes at a trial in Jerusalem and hanged in June 1962. Eichmann did not go to school, and when his family moved to Austria in 1914, he briefly worked for his father's mining company. He worked as an oil salesman from 1927, joined the National Socialist German Workers' Party in 1932, and returned to Germany in 1933 where he joined the SS National Security Bureau. There he was appointed head of the department concerned with Jewish affairs, where he worked on the deportation of Jews. Then, when World War II broke out in September 1939, Eichmann and the heads of his departments focused on building and deporting ghettos in major cities so that they could deport Jews farther east. At the beginning of World War II, he had plans to create a Jewish sanctuary in Nisko, southeastern Poland, but failed. In June 1941, Nazi Germany launched an invasion of the Soviet Union with Operation Barbarossa, and Jewish policy changed from immigration to genocide. Reinhard Heidrich, Eichmann's superior, to coordinate the policy on the Jewish issue, held a meeting of the imperialists on January 20, 1942, and invited the heads of each department. Eichmann attended these meetings and took the minutes, and Eichmann was assigned the task of deporting Jews to extermination camps. Also, when Nazi Germany invaded Hungary in March 1944, Eichmann oversaw the deportation of local Jews to extermination camps. Most of the exiles exiled by Eichmann were sent to Auschwitz concentration camp, where 75% were killed upon arrival. By July 1944, when detention was stopped, Eichmann's actions had killed 437,000 of Hungary's 725,000 Jews. Dieter Wiesleysseny testified that Eichmann said, "I will jump into the grave with a smile, because it has given my conscience great satisfaction to kill five million people." Eichmann was later taken prisoner by the Americans, but escaped the camp and fled all over Germany. He lived in a small town in Lower Saxony until 1950, then emigrated to Argentina with the help of an organization led by Alois Hudal. However, Eichmann was discovered by Mossad, an Israeli intelligence agency, in 1960, and was arrested in Argentina by Mossad and Sinbet agents and brought to Israel where he was tried on 15 counts, including war crimes and crimes against humanity. At trial, Eichmann did not deny that he had deported Jews, including denying the Holocaust, but he said he was merely following the orders of the totalitarian Führer regime. However, he was convicted of all charges and died by hanging on June 1, 1962.