August 20, 2022
Arabic (Arabic: الُّغَةُ الْعَرَبِيَّةُ [al.lu.ɣa.tu‿l.ʕa.ra.bij.ja.tu]; Arabic: الْعَرَبِيَّةُ [al.ʕa. It is one of the Semitic languages, spoken mainly in the Arab world of West Asia and North Africa. Babylonian, Assyrian, and Phoenician belonging to the same Semitic family have become dead languages, and Aramaic is preserved in Syria, Iraq, and some provinces of Malta. The majority of words in Arabic are rooted in three basic consonants. On this basis, vowels, prefixes, suffixes, and suffixes are added to derive or utilize various vocabularies. Thus, morphologically, Arabic belongs to an inflectional language. Arabic, belonging to the Semitic family, developed from Southwest Semitic languages. The Southwestern Semitic language was divided into the northern language of the nomads, who lived a nomadic life in the Hijaz region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the southern language of Yemen, who lived an agricultural life. However, due to the loss of the Marib Dam (مأرب), the Yemenis moved to the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula, including the Hijaj, and the northern Hijaz language (أللغة الحجاز رية) was mixed with the languages of the Yemenis and other neighboring tribes. Meanwhile, the Quraysh tribe dominated the market in Mecca. The language of the Quraysi, the mother language of Arabic, became the standard language, mainly used by Muhammad to write pre-Islamic poetry and later to write the Qur'an. Arabic has had many influences on languages such as Turkic, Persian, Urdu, Malay, Swahili, and Hausa. It is a language with a long history and wide distribution, but compared to other languages, changes are relatively conservative and very gradual. Arabic is spoken by about 300 million people in the Arab world, including Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. Arabic language academies in several countries, including the Arabic Academy in Damascus, Syria, and the Cairo Arabic Academy in Cairo, Egypt, serve as the control institutions for the Arabic language. These institutions have a strong tendency to respond to existing Arabic words by limiting the borrowing of foreign languages except for scientific fields as much as possible, expanding the meaning of words when new concepts are introduced.