United Arab Emirates
October 23, 2021
United Arab Emirates (Arabic: دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة Dhaulatul Imaratul Arabiyatul Mutahida[*], abbreviated United Arab Emirates, or UAE) is a seventh constitutional monarchy located in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia. It is a federation of four emirates (Emirate of Abu Dhabi, Emirate of Dubai, Emirate of Sharjah, Emirate of Ajman, Emirate of Umm al-Quwain, Emirate of Ras al Khaimah and Emirate of Fujairah). Each emirate is governed by different kings, one of whom is elected president of the entire UAE. The United Arab Emirates has a land border with Saudi Arabia and Oman, and a sea border with Qatar. In 2013, the population of the UAE was about 9.2 million, of which only 1.4 million were nationals, and the remaining 7.8 million were foreign workers and foreigners. It dates back to the time when protozoans, who originated in Africa and settled in this region, were in the process of spreading all over the world. It reached its heyday in the Bronze Age, and prospered through active trade with countries of the Indus civilization of India, the Levant and Mesopotamia. Afterwards, the Sassanid Persians occupied the region, and under their influence, Islam spread. Since the UAE was a place where many trade routes had gathered, it was not long before Arab merchants seized the maritime trade routes in the neighboring areas and made huge amounts of money. However, their monopoly on trade provoked resistance from Western powers such as Portugal and England in the 16th century. After experiencing several conflicts with the West, the United Arab Emirates signed a maritime treaty with Britain in 1820 and became a British protectorate. It finally achieved independence from Britain on December 2, 1971, and six emirates joined the United Arab Emirates shortly thereafter, and the emirate of Ras al Khaimah joined on February 10, 1972. Islam is the state religion and largest religion of the United Arab Emirates. The United Arab Emirates has the 6th largest oil reserves in the world and the 7th largest natural gas reserves in the world. As the first president of the UAE, President Zayed realized the importance of infrastructure and poured the money he earned from oil exports into education, welfare, and infrastructure construction, which later had a great impact on the development of the UAE. As a result, large cities such as Dubai have emerged as financial hubs in the Middle East, and the UAE has developed tourism and finance industries, allowing it to rely far less on natural resources such as oil than before. The capital, Abu Dhabi, is the political, industrial and cultural center of the United Arab Emirates. The largest city in the country is Dubai. The United Arab Emirates is a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council, a member of the Arab League, and has joined the United Nations, the Organization of Islamic Conference, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, and the World Trade Organization, raising its status as a regional power.