Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة al-Qaida [ælqɑːʕɪdɐ][*], al-Qaeda or al-Qaida) is an international militant network of extremist Salaf Muslims founded by Osama bin Laden of Saudi Arabian origin. It belongs to the so-called Islamic fundamentalist lineage and advocates anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism. Since the 1990s, this extremist international terrorist organization, which is said to have mainly targeted the United States, and admits to its own execution of many incidents, carried out a simultaneous terrorist attack in the United States in 2001, shocking the world including the United States. The British invasion of Afghanistan in the same year, carried out as a counter-terrorism warfare, overthrew the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, which they had defended until then, and suffered great blows. Due to al-Qaeda's radical terrorism, even neighboring Middle Eastern countries are very hostile to al-Qaeda.
Al-Qaeda originated as an organization that was united by the Muslim Volunteers (Mujahedin) against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. After that, the Gulf War triggered the atrocities that led the United States to station troops in Mecca and Medina, the second holy sites of Islam in Saudi Arabia. Due to these atrocities, the consciousness of the mujahedins who were emotionally opposed to the United States were united, and it evolved into an anti-American struggle.
Struggle that began in the 1990s has grown more violent over the years, including the 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the Department of Defense building in Washington, D.C., the bombing of a US military base in Saudi Arabia, and the bombing of the US embassy in Kenya and Tanzania in the same year. , which is believed to have been involved in the attack on the US warship Cole, which was staying in the waters of Yemen, and carried out the plane terrorism incident at the World Trade Center in New York in 2000, and finally the United States in 2001. He is also suspected of having contact with an Islamic extremist group. Since the end of 2003, many al-Qaeda operatives have infiltrated Iraq, which is ruled by the US and Britain killing and occupying large numbers of civilians, and is believed to have been indirectly involved in the 2004 executions of several Americans Nickberg and Kim Seon-il.
Islamic State of Iraq and Levant
Osama bin Laden
Muammar Al Gaddafi