England

Article

October 18, 2021

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (English: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) The United Kingdom [*], UK, UK, or, most commonly, the United Kingdom, is an island nation and constitutional monarchy located northwest of the coast of mainland Europe. It is bordered by the North Sea, the English Channel, the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and is a unitary country formed by the union of four members: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland in the northern part of the Island of Great Britain. The capital is London, and the capitals of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. Northern Ireland, a British territory on the island of Ireland, shares a border with the Republic of Ireland, and shares borders with Spain (Gibraltar, British Gibraltar) and Cyprus (Acrotiri dekelia), including overseas territories. There are also territories that are not part of the overseas mainland, such as the Cayman Islands and Bermuda, but are under the control of the British monarch. Residents of foreign territories and citizens of the British mainland do not have the right to reside in each other's territory, nor do they have free immigration to each other. Britain is a country that spread the modern parliamentary system and parliamentary system to the world based on the constitutional monarchy, and the Industrial Revolution In the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was the first industrialized country and the only superpower that accounted for a quarter of the world's population and territory, but declined after World War II. However, it still remains one of the great powers influencing the world economically, culturally, military, scientifically and politically, and popular music in particular has had a huge impact on the world, starting with The Beatles, Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, and Queen, and to this day, the nuclear weapons states. As of 2018, military spending is the sixth-largest in the world. In 2018, nominal gross domestic product ranked fifth in the world, and among the world's 50 largest companies by market capitalization, Royal Dutch Shell, BHP Billiton, Vodafone, HSBC, BP, GlaxoSmithKline, and Unilever were UK companies. As of 2010, the starting salary for college graduates is about 25,000 British pounds (about 37.67 million won).

Country name

The official name of the United Kingdom is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, abbreviated as Britain. In Korea, what is called Britain is derived from the Chinese characters of England, a member of the United Kingdom, and is also accepted in other Chinese character cultures. English (Chinese pronunciation Ying (pinyin: Yīng)) is a transliteration of the English word Eng-, and the word country is a paraphrase of -land. In the Chinese character culture, this name often refers to the whole of the United Kingdom, but depending on the context, it still means only England, so it has a double meaning. In Japan, it is also used as igiris (Japanese: イギリス or 英吉利), a transliteration of the Portuguese word ingles (Portuguese: inglês) meaning England.

Etymology

In 1707 the Kingdom of England and Scotland were united into the Kingdom of Great Britain. The title ‘United Kingdom’, which is commonly used to refer to Britain today, is the name of the country used to refer to the Kingdom of Great Britain, but from 1707 to 1800, the official name was still ‘The Kingdom of Great Britain’. In 1801, the Kingdom of Ireland and Great Britain were united and Great Britain and Ireland

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