October 18, 2021
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (English: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) The United Kingdom [*], UK, UK, or, most commonly, the United Kingdom, is an island nation and constitutional monarchy located northwest of the coast of mainland Europe. It is bordered by the North Sea, the English Channel, the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and is a unitary country formed by the union of four members: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland in the northern part of the Island of Great Britain. The capital is London, and the capitals of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. Northern Ireland, a British territory on the island of Ireland, shares a border with the Republic of Ireland, and shares borders with Spain (Gibraltar, British Gibraltar) and Cyprus (Acrotiri dekelia), including overseas territories. There are also territories that are not part of the overseas mainland, such as the Cayman Islands and Bermuda, but are under the control of the British monarch. Residents of foreign territories and citizens of the British mainland do not have the right to reside in each other's territory, nor do they have free immigration to each other. Britain is a country that spread the modern parliamentary system and parliamentary system to the world based on the constitutional monarchy, and the Industrial Revolution In the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was the first industrialized country and the only superpower that accounted for a quarter of the world's population and territory, but declined after World War II. However, it still remains one of the great powers influencing the world economically, culturally, military, scientifically and politically, and popular music in particular has had a huge impact on the world, starting with The Beatles, Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, and Queen, and to this day, the nuclear weapons states. As of 2018, military spending is the sixth-largest in the world. In 2018, nominal gross domestic product ranked fifth in the world, and among the world's 50 largest companies by market capitalization, Royal Dutch Shell, BHP Billiton, Vodafone, HSBC, BP, GlaxoSmithKline, and Unilever were UK companies. As of 2010, the starting salary for college graduates is about 25,000 British pounds (about 37.67 million won).