british army

Article

July 6, 2022

The British Army (English: British Army) is a military agency responsible for the defense of the British territories, and has about 100,000 regular troops and 30,000 regional forces (Territorial Force).

Overview

It has been with the Ministry of National Defense since 1963, and its supreme commander is Queen Elizabeth II. Since its establishment in 1717, it has participated in numerous wars, and the main records of participation are the Napoleonic Wars, World War I, and World War II. Currently, due to financial difficulties, the Army 2020 plan has been confirmed and the number of regular troops has been reduced to 100,900. The current mission of the British Army is to fight terrorism and protect the interests of British territories abroad, and it is equipped with organizations and equipment to prepare for war in case of emergency. (Future articles contain my opinions.) Currently, the British Army is conducting peacekeeping operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kenya, and Syria, and as a member of NATO, the 20th Armored Infantry Brigade is stationed in Germany. The 20th Armored Infantry Brigade will be relocated to the UK mainland by 2020 as part of the Army 2020 initiative to serve as a rapid response force.

History

Creation

The history of the British Army is a newly formed army founded by Oliver Cromwell in 1643. Until 1717, it remained a militia organization focusing on mainland defense and colonial defense. At the time of its establishment, it had about 35,000 regular troops, but it expanded its military scale through the War of the Four Alliances and the Seven Years' War, and in 1756 the army reached 80,000. During the American Revolutionary War, the British Army expanded to 121,000 men to match the size of the war. After the American Revolutionary War, until the interwar period of the French Revolutionary War, the British Army was reduced to only 40,000 due to the lack of actual combat. ) will be recognized as the strongest unit in Europe. For the next century, the British Army focused on colonial warfare as an extension of the British Empire, such as the Boer Wars, the Zulu Wars, and the Sephoy Rebellion.

WORLD WAR

During the First World War, they suffered from trench warfare, and the infantry, artillery, and cavalry were not in harmony with each other, resulting in casualties of about 2 million in the beginning. For such reasons, he will be reborn as the protagonist of victory. During World War II, the British Army led to several record victories on the fronts in North Africa and Western Europe, but lost the lead in the victory to the more well-stocked and manned American forces.

Skilled Army

With the fall of the Empire, the British Army was reduced from 4.5 million in 1945 to 200,000 in 1970. The reduction was likely to end at 120,000 in 1990, but due to the financial crisis that originated in the United States in 2008, the number was reduced to the current number of 90,000. However, these 90,000 troops are talented people who have accumulated practical experience in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Division-level units

Divisions are composed of 3 to 7 combat brigades and 1 support brigades. For the British Army, which currently does not have a corps organization, divisions of 20,000 to 40,000 soldiers serve as field command units. The commander is a lieutenant general or a brigadier general. In case of emergency, 5 reserve divisions are promoted to active duty, the brigadier general takes command. Division-level Combat Unit 1 (British) Division (Mainland Response Force)