world wide web

Article

May 29, 2022

The World Wide Web (WWW, W3) refers to a global information space where people can share information through computers connected to the Internet. It is often referred to simply as the Web. This term is often used synonymously with the Internet, but strictly speaking, they are different concepts. The Web is just a service that operates on the Internet, like e-mail. However, since 1993, the Web has taken an absolute position in the structure of the Internet. It is also referred to as a transmission method for exchanging pictures and texts using HTTP protocol, hypertext, HTML format, etc. on the Internet.

Basic Concepts

It is an information retrieval system that allows information on the Internet to be searched in hypertext and multimedia environments. It is a system that effectively searches various information on the Internet expressed in hypertext format and is the most widely used worldwide. Hypertext reads pieces of information such as "documents" or web pages from a web server through a program called a web browser. It is displayed in the form of an input and output on a computer monitor. The user can then follow the hyperlinks on each page to another document, or send a set of information to a server serving that page. The act of following hyperlinks is often referred to as web surfing (cultured language: web surfing) or web browsing. And a set of web pages containing related contents is called a web site. The English word worldwide is usually used as a single word without spaces or hyphens, but the World Wide Web and its abbreviation WWW are used as official English words. The World Wide Web can be summarized in the following three functions. How to locate the first unified web resource eg URL. A protocol for accessing the resource names of the second web, eg HTTP, and a third language that allows easy navigation between resources, eg HTML.

History

It was created in March 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee (Professor at Oxford University, UK), a computer scientist at the European Institute for Particle Physics (CERN) located between Switzerland and France. It was designed as a program for rapid information exchange and joint research between physicists working in various universities and research institutes around the world. Information on the site, which is a database of texts, photos, videos, and voices, is obtained through a web browser, which is a dedicated viewing software. It is also possible to transmit the obtained information in a simple way. The software that has become popular worldwide was written by a student at the University of Illinois (Mark Andersen, who developed Mosaic, the predecessor of Netscape). Users navigate the web world with the help of an Internet 'browser'. From the Web, you can download a huge variety of materials and programs, from government policy reports to antivirus software or computer games. As the website grew in sophistication, it became a feast for all tastes and tastes. In many places, it is decorated with elaborate graphs or photos, or it is equipped with video or audio files. The web is also serving as the main interface for 'e-commerce'.

Administrative Authority

Technologies related to the World Wide Web are being developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). W3C is in the process of standardizing HTML, HTTP, etc., and recently introduced standards related to the Semantic Web.