Wikipedia: History of the day/August

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August 20, 2022

August 1 527 - Justinian I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire. 1774 - Joseph Priestley (pictured) discovers oxygen. 1798 - War of the French Revolution: Hurrayshaw Nelson's Royal Navy defeats the French navy at the Battle of the Nile. 1927 - An armed uprising between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China breaks out in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province. 1975 - 35 countries, including the US and the Soviet Union, sign the Helsinki Agreement. View · Discuss · Edit · History August 2nd 216 BC - Battle of Cannai: Hannibal of Carthage defeats the Romans. 1802 - Napoleon Bonaparte proclaims a permanent decree. 1932 - Carl David Anderson discovers the positron in spacecraft observations by a fog box. 1964 - The Gulf of Tonkin incident occurs when a North Vietnamese torpedo boat attacks an American cruiser. 1990 - The Gulf War (pictured) begins with Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. View · Discuss · Edit · History August 3: Independence Day of Niger, Flag Day of Venezuela 435 - Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II expels Nestorius to Egypt. 1492 - Christopher Columbus (pictured) leaves the port of Palos, Spain with three ships. 1929 - Jiddu Krishnamurti shocked the Theosophical movement by announcing the dissolution of the Order of the Star of the East, founded to support him. 1940 - World War II: Italy begins occupation of British Somaliland. 1958 - The U.S. nuclear submarine Nautilus becomes the first to pass through the North Pole. View · Discuss · Edit · History August 4 1789 - French Revolution: The National Constituent Assembly adopts the abolition of the Ancien Régime. 1896 - Joseon reorganizes administrative divisions into 13 provinces. 1912 - Raoul Wallenberg (pictured) is born, a Swedish diplomat who saved tens of thousands of Jewish lives during World War II. 1936 - Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas dissolves the parliament and suspends the constitution, establishing the regime on 4 August. 1993 - Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono issued the Kono Statement recognizing the forced mobilization of comfort women. View · Discuss · Edit · History August 5th: Independence Day of Burkina Faso 1392 - Joseon is founded by Lee Seong-gye, a general of Goryeo. 1962 - Nelson Mandela (pictured) is arrested and imprisoned for treason. 1963 - The United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union sign a partial nuclear test ban treaty. 1995 - Korea's first commercial satellite, Mugunghwa-1, is launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Base, USA. 2010 - The San Jose mine collapses in Chile. View · Discuss · Edit · History August 6th: Independence Day of Bolivia and Jamaica 1806 - The Holy Roman Empire falls when the last Holy Roman Emperor, Franz II, renounces the title of emperor. 1940 - The Soviet Union annexes Estonia. 1945 - The US drops the atomic bomb Little Boy on Hiroshima, Japan. 1991 - Tim Berners-Lee (pictured) unveils the idea of ​​the World Wide Web. 1997 - Korean Air Flight 801 crashes while attempting to land at an airport in Guam. View · Discuss · Edit · History August 7th: Independence Day of Côte d'Ivoire 936 - Coronation of Holy Roman Emperor Otto I. 1944 - IBM unveils the first program-controlled calculator at Harvard University, later known as the Mark I (pictured). 1964 - After the US Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, which effectively declares war on the Viet Minh, public military intervention by the US begins. 1998 - Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya