Japan

Article

October 23, 2021

Japan (Japanese: 日本国 nihonkoku[*], nitponkoku nipponkoku[*]), abbreviated as Japan It consists of four large islands of the Japanese archipelago in the Pacific Ocean (Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido) and small islands scattered around them. Japan's total area is 379,973 km², which is slightly larger than Germany (357,386 km²). Japan, an archipelago consisting of 6,852 islands, has four islands, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido, occupying 97% of Japan's total area. Most of the islands were formed through volcanic activity. Japan has a population of about 126 million, the 11th largest in the world. The Kanto region, the metropolitan area centered on Tokyo, is the world's largest metropolitan area, with 43.5 million people (34.5% of Japan's total population) living in this area alone. The present Japan is a country legally established by the Constitution of Japan enacted and enforced in 1947 after the signing of the Potsdam Declaration in 1945. The Constitution of Japan was enacted, Japan adopted a constitutional monarchy, and the National Assembly, which consists of the Emperor, who serves as the symbolic head of state, and the House of Councilors (Senate) and the House of Representatives (House of Representatives), which are elected through popular elections, coexist. The current Emperor is Naruhito, the ruling party of the National Assembly is the Liberal Democratic Party, and the Prime Minister is Fumio Kishida. Its economic power is the third largest in the world in nominal terms and the fourth largest in terms of purchasing power parity (as of 2017). It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fifth-largest importer. It had the second highest gross domestic product in the world for 20 years from the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 until it gave way to the People's Republic of China in 2010. Since the collapse, it has been on a downward trend and is currently in the top 20. Japan is a developed country, and the Human Development Index ranks first among East Asian countries, from 20th in 2015 to 17th in 2016. It is also the only Asian country to enter the G7 and holds the status of a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Although Japan has renounced its armed forces and the right to engage in warfare according to its constitution, the Self-Defense Forces, which were created to defend the land, maintain peace and order, maintain a modern and powerful military force. According to the United Nations and the World Health Organization, Japan has the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world and the highest life expectancy in the world. The starting salary for college graduates is about 2.35 million yen as of 2010, which is similar to that of Italy. It is a popular country for immigration in the world, and in 2020, it ranked second after Canada in the list of most wanted countries to move to by remitly, which deals with international remittance services. Japan ranked second.[[1]][[2]]

Country name

Japan's national name is "Nippon" (Japanese: にっぽん, listen) or "Nihon" (Japanese: にほん, listen) as a Japanese name. This is a phenomenon that occurs because there are several ways to read kanji (Japanese: Kanji [*]) in Japanese, and the same is written in kanji as Japan (日本). Usually, Nippon is used as an official notation, and is mainly used for Japanese yen and postage stamps, as well as the names of many public institutions and sports events. On the other hand, nihon is widely used in modern times, and the Japanese call themselves 'nihonjin' (日本人, にほんじん), and they

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