November 30, 2021
Japanese (Japanese: 日本語 nihongo, nippongo, listening ) is a language mainly spoken in Japan. It is also called Japanese (日語) as an abbreviation. The characters are hiragana, kana and kanji (Japanese: Kanji [*]). It is the de facto official language of Japan. Most people born and educated in Japan speak Japanese as their mother tongue. As a sign language that reflects the grammatical system and phonological system of Japanese, there is a corresponding Japanese sign language.
Although there are no accurate statistics on the number of users, it is estimated that more than 130 million people in Japan and Japanese and foreigners living outside Japan, and about 130 million people in Japan speak this language. Depending on the statistics, the number may be slightly different, but if this number is correct, Japanese is a language that ranks in the top 10 on the list of native speakers.
According to Enolog, Japanese has the ninth largest number of users by language. In September 2021, wordtips used Google Keyword Planner to search for languages that people around the world want to learn. In English-speaking countries, Japanese has been selected as the most desired language to learn.
The phoneme of Japanese has a strong character of open-syllable languages ending in a vowel, except for 〈 〉 and 〈 ん , and many dialects, including standard languages, have a mora. Accents are high and low accents.
In addition, in the original old Japanese, Yamato Gotoba (大和言葉), in principle,
The sound of does not come in the beginning (the rule of beginning). (This is why it is difficult to find words that start with in Shiritori, a Japanese word-sequence game. <楽 (Raku)> ), 〈ラッぱ〉 (trumpets), and 〈Ringo〉 (apples) are not Yamato Gotoba.)
The turbidity does not come in the dark. There was a different note, but it was changed later.)
Vowels do not come consecutively within the same root. ]>), etc.
A sentence is composed of subject-modifier-predicate word order. The modifier is placed before the modifier. Also, in order to express the case of a noun, a function word (proposition) indicating a grammatical function is added to the end of the word order or ending. According to this configuration, in the linguistic typology, it is classified as an SOV-type language in word order and an agglutinative language in morphology.
In addition to the old Yamato Gotoba, foreign words, mainly Western languages, have been increasing since modern times.
There is a grammatically and lexically developed honor language system as a Daewoo expression, and it shows subtle differences in relationships between the characters being described.
There are various dialects of Japanese in each region, and in particular, the dialect of the Ryukyu Islands is distinct from other dialects. Until the middle of the modern era, the Kyoto dialect was in the status of the central language, but in the late modern age, the status of the Edo dialect increased, and in modern Japanese after the Meiji period, a dialect spoken by people above the middle class living in Yamanote, Tokyo (Yamanote Kotoba). A standard language (common language) was formed based on
The writing system is more complex than many other languages. Kanji (including the ladle), hiragana, and katakana are the main characters used in Japanese, and are always written in pairs. In addition, Roman characters �