Metropolitan area (Japan)


May 29, 2022

The Tokyo metropolitan area (Japanese: 首けん Shutoken[*]) is the largest metropolitan area in the world, and generally refers to the Kanto region centered on Tokyo.

Definition of District

The Tokyo Metropolitan Area Reorganization Act defines that Yamanashi Prefecture is included in the metropolitan area along with the Kanto regions such as Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, Chiba, Ibaraki, Tochigi, and Gunma. However, in Japan, the metropolitan area has a strong tendency to refer only to the Kanto region, excluding Yamanashi Prefecture. Recently, instead of the metropolitan area, it is sometimes called "Tokyo area" or "Tokyo metropolitan area", but in this case, it is generally used to refer to one province and three prefectures (Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, and Chiba) excluding the three northern prefectures in the Kanto region. .

Population and Area

The Kanto region, the metropolitan area of ​​Japan, has an area of ​​32,423.9 km², accounting for 8.6% of Japan’s total area and 14.2% of Honshu’s area. is concentrated The first and third prefectures in the Tokyo area have an area of ​​13,565.5 km², which is 3.6% of Japan's total area (5.95% of Honshu's area). With a total area of ​​8,547 km² (3,300 mi²) connected with Tokyo Metropolitan Government, it is the second largest single metropolitan area in the world after New York's 11,642 km² (4,495 mi²).

Economic size

As of 2020, the total GDP (nominal) of the metropolitan area is more than $2 trillion, making it the largest economy in the world.