May 29, 2022
The Japanese archipelago (日本列島, cultural language: Japanese archipelago) is an archipelago located in Northeast Asia, a territory of Japan. It consists of 6,852 islands. Because the Japanese archipelago stretches very long from north to south, the highest temperature is 42 degrees Celsius and the lowest temperature is minus 44 degrees Celsius. Also, the Japanese archipelago is surrounded by seas such as the Sea of Japan, the Sea of Okhotsk, and the Pacific Ocean. On the Pacific side of the archipelago, deep trenches such as the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench and the Japan Trench are formed, and the entire trench is active in tectonic fluctuations and orogeny. It is also known that about 10% of the volcanoes found on Earth are in the Japanese archipelago. Geologically, it lies east of the Eurasian plate and southwest of the North American plate. Under these two continental plates, two ocean plates, the Pacific plate and the Philippine Sea plate, subside, so it is presumed that they became an arcuate archipelago separated from the Eurasian continent.