emperor of japan

Article

May 29, 2022

The Emperor of Japan (Japanese: 天皇 Tenno[*]; English: Emperor of Japan) is a monarch of Japan, representative of the Japanese imperial family and the symbolic head of state in Japan. He is a symbol of Japan based on the will of the Japanese people, who has sovereignty over Japan, and a symbol of the unity of the Japanese people. Also, the Imperial Family of Japan is one of the oldest existing imperial families in the world. The function of the emperor as a position is stipulated in Articles 1 to 7 of the Constitution of Japan. The Emperor is defined as “a symbol of Japan and a symbol of national unity” (Article 1), and with the advice and approval of the Cabinet, promulgation of laws and treaties, appointment of Prime Minister appointed by the National Assembly, and convocation of the National Assembly It has limited powers (Article 7) for acts of national affairs, such as In Japan, there is a proverb called the absurd power of the heavens, which means the absolute power of the emperor. There is a saying, “one world for generations” (萬世一系), meaning that the lineage of the Japanese imperial family has never ceased to exist. During the time of the Japanese Empire, the ideology of the Eightfold Circumstances (八紘一宇) that all parts of the world were under the emperor's control became the fundamental ideology of the emperor's fascism and the view of the empire. On the other hand, as to whether the emperor has the status of head of state, it is not stipulated in the constitution, so the view that he is the head of state and the opposing view are in conflict. Currently, Naruhito, the 126th Emperor, is on the throne.

History

According to the Nihon Shogi and Kojiki compiled in the Nara period (710-794), it is estimated that the first emperor Jinmu ascended the throne in 660 BC. There are several theories about this. From this point on, the actual existence of the Emperor Ojin is confirmed. In any case, the emperor had two roles: the military aspect and the sacrificial aspect. He was called Ookimi (大君) in ancient times. Emperor-centered politics began with the Taika Reform in 645, and the title “Emperor” was also used. From the second half of the 7th century, the rite system imitating China was introduced. Established by the Taiho ordinance in 701. In the Han dynasty style, the titles were also given to successive warlords, and a centralized emperorship was formed. In 710, the capital was moved to Pyeongseong. From the 9th century, the aristocracy took over political power, and in the 10th century, the northern Fujiwara family, who had a marriage relationship with the emperor, started a government of self-government that governed decision-making. At the end of the 11th century the situation reigned supreme and began expeditions ruled by practitioners. During this time, the position of the Fujiwara clan as a supremacist was weakened. After 1192, Minamoto no Yoritomo of the Kamakura Shogunate was appointed to the Sei-taishogun and lost political power. Before modern times, the era name was changed whenever there was damage caused by a national congratulatory event or disaster, and it was different from the present Ilse Ilwon. In the Jokyu Rebellion, the shogunate won. After the fall of the Kamakura Shogunate, Emperor Kodaigo revived the emperor's family as the new government of Genmu. After the establishment of the Muromachi shogunate, the imperial family was divided, leading to the Nambokucho period. In 1392, the Northern and Southern dynasties were unified by Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. As the king of Japan, Yoshimitsu started the Ming-Japanese trade to pay tribute to the Ming emperor. Upon Yoshimitsu's death in 1394, the Imperial Court gave him the title of Emperor Taisang. The Onin Rebellion broke out during the Ashikaga Yoshimasa era, and the Sengoku period began. Although the shogunate and the Imperial Court declined, the imperial family was playing the role of heirs of culture and tradition. Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi also used the emperor rather than denying it. During the Edo period, the emperor's authority was maintained, but it was controlled by the Geumjoongbyeonggongga system. As can be seen in Jai's case, power is