Jamaica (English: Jamaica; Jamaican Creole: Jumieka; also Jomieka; Cultural: Jamaica) is an island country in the Caribbean Sea in North America. Close to Cuba, Mexico and Haiti.
Arawak and Taino indigenous peoples from South America settled Jamaica between 4,000 and 1,000 BC. When Christopher Columbus arrived in 1494, there were more than 200 chieftains, particularly along the most populous south coast of Jamaica, now known as the Old Port. The Taino lived in Jamaica until the British took over the island. Since its discovery by Columbus in 1494, it has become a center of the slave trade under Spanish and British rule.
Slavery imports from Africa continued, and the island came under British control in 1655 when the British fought the Spanish in 1651 to acquire the island. However, the settlers continued to fight the escaped slaves living in the mountains. In the 1670s, British pirates used Jamaica as a base to attack Spanish ports and ships in the Caribbean.
In the 1700s, sugarcane became the main product and became the most important slave trade center in the Western Hemisphere. In 1783 England made peace with the escaped slaves, and 100 years later the British Parliament freed all slaves on the island. Many freed slaves became independent farmers.
In 1865, after bad relations between the farm owners and their employees led to a rebellion, the British government made Jamaica a royal colony. In the 1930s, Jamaican labor leaders urged Britain to grant more political power. A new constitution in 1944 gave Jamaica some self-government, and it became independent in 1962 and became part of the Commonwealth of England.
Jamaica is a country in Central America, the third largest island in the Caribbean and has the largest English-speaking population. Jamaica is home to the Blue Mountains and is surrounded by narrow plains. All major cities and towns are on the coast. Major cities include Kingston, Portmore, Mandeville, Ocho Rios and Port Antonio.
Jamaica has a tropical climate, so it is hot and humid. However, the higher you go inland, the warmer the climate. The plains of the southern coastal region have a relatively semi-arid climate with a lot of rain.
People and Languages
Although English is the official language, the majority of the residents speak Jamaican Patwa. In addition, a small number of Spanish speakers and Portuguese speakers remain. African-Americans make up the majority. The rest are European, mixed race, and Asian (Chinese, Indian).
Jamaica's total population as of 2015 was 2,793,335. The population growth rate was 0.38% (2010-2015), which was maintained at a low level. The population density is 257.9 km2, which is very high compared to the world average of 56.5 people/km2.
54.8% of Jamaica's total population (as of 2015) live in cities. The median age is on average 29.1 years old, which is high. The elderly population is 9.14%, belonging to an aging society.
The beginning of sugarcane and barley farming opened the way for agricultural markets.
It has had a great influence on world pop culture, and reggae is particularly well-known among Jamaican music. Famous Jamaican singers include Bob Marley, Black Uhuru, and Culture.
Jamaica is a world-class athletics powerhouse, and Usain Bolt is a representative athletics star.