Chun Doo-hwan

Article

November 30, 2021

Chun Doo-hwan (January 18, 1931 – November 23, 2021) was the 11th and 12th President of the Republic of Korea. In 1979, he formed the Hanahoe, an illegal private organization within the military, and led the 12.12 military rebellion. A year later, after bloody and bloody suppression of the May 18th Gwangju Democratization Movement that took place in Gwangju Metropolitan City, he took office through an indirect election. He was born in Hapcheon-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, but moved to Daegu at the age of 5. When the Korean War broke out, he volunteered to join the Korean Armed Forces. After graduating from the Military Academy, he served as an officer in the front field army, joined the National Revolutionary Commission right after 5.16, and participated in the Vietnam War as a regimental commander. After that, he served as the security commander, central intelligence chief Seo-ri, and national security committee standing chairman. In March 1955, he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Army and served as a platoon commander, officer, and former commander of the Army Infantry School. After that, he grew up as a member of the Hana Council leadership force. On May 16, 1961, during the 5.16 military coup, he led a demonstration in support of a coup d'état by cadets. In 1963, he served as the secretary of the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction and the chief of staff at the Central Government. From November 1970, he was dispatched to the Vietnam War as the commander of the 29th Regiment of the White Horse Unit, and then returned to Korea. In 1973, he overcame the crisis of being purged due to the Yoon Pil-yong incident while serving as the commander of the 1st Airborne Special Forces Brigade. At the same time, he seized power in one meeting. In March 1979, he was appointed as the security commander of the Army Headquarters, and after the 10.26 incident, he became the head of the Joint Investigation Headquarters and investigated the sniper of Park Jeong-hee. On December 12, 1979, the 12/12 military rebellion that arrested Jeong Seung-hwa, Chief of Staff of the Army, was arrested on charges of being Kim Jae-gyu's collaborator and took control of the military. In March 1980, Choi Gyu-ha and Shin Hyeon-hwak were asked to be the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, and on April 14 of the same year, he took the post of Seo-ri. He led the suppression of the Gwangju Democratization Movement. On May 27, he organized the National Security Council and became the permanent chairman of the National Security Council, taking over the real power of the government. On September 1, 1980, he was inaugurated as the 11th President of the Republic of Korea through the election system at the Jangchung Gymnasium. On March 3, 1981, he was inaugurated as the 12th president through an indirect election by the electoral college, and in May of that year, the National Pung 81 Festival was held to divert attention and atmosphere to the first cycle of the Gwangju Democratization Movement. Afterwards, the Chun Doo-hwan administration established Korea Professional Baseball in 1982, lifted the night curfew, attempted a policy of autonomous school hair/dress, and focused on developing advanced countries such as Seoul Subway Lines 2, 3, and 4 to protest against the new military government. At the same time, he implemented policies for the development of the nation's cultural industry and the quality of life for the people. The 3S policy, represented by the professional sports industry, the distribution of color television, and the promotion of pornography, was also part of this policy. In addition, as part of the religious policy, a large-scale purification of heresy was carried out. Meanwhile, ostensibly, the Samcheong Education University was founded for the purpose of 'establishing a new order to become an advanced country'. As an extension of this repression, on January 14, 1987, the torture and death of Park Jong-cheol by the military took place, and in response to the June uprising that took place as an opportunity, we succumbed to the demands of the citizens and announced the 6.29 Democratization Declaration on June 29, 1987. Following the implementation of the direct presidential system, he served until the inauguration of his successor, Roh Tae-woo. 1989

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