Republic of China

Article

July 6, 2022

The Republic of China (traditional Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó; Zhuyin: ㄓㄨㄥ ㄏㄨㄚˊ ㄇㄧㄣˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ Zhonghua Minguo[*]; English: Republic of China) is a republic located in East Asia. to be. Currently, it is called Taiwan (Chinese traditional: 臺灣, Guoyu pronunciation: [tʰäɪ˧˥ ʋän˦]), or Taiwan (臺灣), the name of the largest island in the country at home and abroad. Neighboring countries are the People's Republic of China to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The area of ​​the Republic of China is 35,808 square kilometers, which is similar to that of Gyeongsang Province. The capital is Taipei. Other large cities include New Taipei City, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With a population of 23.7 million, the Republic of China is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, and one of the largest economies of scale among non-UN countries. The Republic of China has an export-oriented industrialized economy and boasts the 21st largest economy in the world. Its main fields are steel, machinery, electricity, chemical and manufacturing industries, and its per capita GDP ranks 15th in the world, which is very high. It also has a very high degree of freedom, education, welfare, and human development indices in terms of political and social aspects.

Name

The official name of the country is the Republic of China, and within the country it is called Taiwan. The name China was used before, but is no longer used. In English, the Republic of China is abbreviated as ROC. In 1971, after the Republic of China abandoned its UN membership, the People's Republic of China has become much more often referred to as China. . In the past, during the Cold War, pro-Western countries such as the United States and South Korea called it "Free China" or "China" to distinguish it from the People's Republic of China, that is, Communist China. The People's Republic of China insists on the One China principle, claims sovereignty over the Republic of China, and does not recognize the Republic of China government. On June 26, 1983, according to the theory of Deng Xiaoping, the name of the People's Republic of China Taiwan Special Administrative Region was proposed, and Taiwan is regarded as the same as Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Under such pressure from the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China has been using the nickname Chinese Taipei (中華臺北, or 中華台北) in international competitions such as the Olympics and international organizations since the 1980s. However, in the World Trade Organization (WTO), the name of the Republic of China membership is Taiwan, Penghu, Jinmen, and Matsu; Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu;澎金山個別關稅領域). On June 4, 2008, Eo Honglian (歐鴻煉), Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China, announced that he would actively use 'Chinese Taipei' in international organizations and the like. On the other hand, the Inspectorate of the Republic of China pointed out that the use of 'Taiwan' has increased in the government documents of the Administrative Office of the Republic of China and said that 'Republic of China' should be specified. .Used to send mail to the Republic of China