May 29, 2022

The People's Republic of China (Chinese: 中華人民共和國, Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和國, Traditional: 中華人人共和國, Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Listen English: People's Republic of China) is a country located in East Asia, located in East Asia. to be. It is also called China for short (Chinese: 中國; pinyin: Zhōngguó [*]). The second civil war broke out in 1946 over the dominance of mainland China, and as a result, territory except for some areas, including Taiwan, was transferred to the Communist Party, and the establishment of the People's Republic of China was proclaimed in Beijing in 1949 with Mao Zedong as the first president. . It has the largest population of 1.41 billion people in the world. The capital is Beijing, and the largest city is Shanghai. Other major cities include Guangzhou, Nanjing, Xi'an, Fuzhou, Qingdao, and Chongqing. In modern China, the Xinhai Revolution in 1911 brought the collapse of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the Kuomintang government. After that, with the support of the Soviet Union, the Communist Party of China, founded around the anti-imperialist program of the May 4 Movement, rapidly increased its power after 1920, and continued to engage in civil wars with the national government. In 1949, the founding of the People's Republic of China was proclaimed in Beijing with Mao Zedong as the first president. The Communist Party of China, which was heavily influenced by the Soviet Union, launched a great leap forward movement with Mao Zedong and also carried out the Cultural Revolution to solidify the framework of a socialist state. However, the Great Leap Forward movement failed as it failed to lead to economic growth, and the Cultural Revolution left numerous national and cultural damages and civilian casualties. In the process, the Communist Party realized the limits of socialism. Afterwards, as the Soviet Union's influence decreased, reform and opening-up under Deng Xiaoping's leadership was implemented, a market economy system was introduced, and the capitalist economic system was adopted. Deng Xiaoping achieved rapid economic growth based on his vast territory and enormous population, advocating the theory of black and white, and pursued a policy of peaceful coexistence and expansion using the period of peace and peace as the diplomatic keynote. There is an evaluation that China and the United States are in the trap of Thucydides.

Country name

The abbreviation of the country's name is China (中国), and it is also called Zhonghua (中华). In other countries, it is also called the Chongqing (中共). Although CCP is originally an abbreviation for the Chinese Communist Party, it is also used in the meaning of the Communist Party of China government because the Constitution of the People's Republic of China stipulates that the Chinese Communist Party is the ruling party of the People's Republic of China. In the early days of the founding of the country, the period before 1949 was divided into the Old China and the period after the founding of the People's Republic of China as the New China. After the civil war in 1949, the People's Republic of China is a divided country, and according to the one-China principle, China's legitimate government claims to be its own, so it does not recognize the independent status of the Republic of China.



Archaeological circles speculate that people began to inhabit China between 2.24 and 250,000 years ago, and in Beijing, the remains of Homo erectus using fire were found, which is sometimes called the Beijing cause. According to Chinese classics, the first dynasty of China was the Hanara, which appeared in 2100 BC. Hanara was the first to establish a hereditary monarchy in China and laid the foundation for a dynasty that continued for several thousand years. However, the existence of Hanara itself is only asserted by the Chinese historical circles, and there are no historical documents to prove the existence of Hanara.