August 20, 2022
Jizya (Arabic: جزْية jzya, jizyah[*]) refers to a tax levied on non-Muslim citizens in an Islamic kingdom according to a certain standard. Those who paid the tax were called dimmi. In principle, the tax was levied on men who reached the age of military service. From the standpoint of a Muslim ruler, jizya was taken as evidence that citizens of other religions obey the law and swear allegiance as citizens of the country. In return, citizens of other religions were able to maintain their beliefs, have an autonomous right to live, and be protected from external attacks. In Arabic, jizya appears in Qur'an 9:29, and in the Qur'an, a tax per capita is levied. It is not clearly stated as such. Subsequent studies suggest that this was due to the tariffs imposed by Sassanid Persia.