Pacific ocean


May 29, 2022

The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. It occupies one-third of the Earth's surface and has a surface area of ​​180 million km². It is larger than all continents on Earth combined. It extends from the Bering Sea in the Arctic Circle to the Ross Sea in Antarctica, and extends east-west from Indonesia to Colombia. The western pole of the Pacific Ocean is the Strait of Malacca. Based on the equator, the northern part is called the North Pacific and the southern part is called the South Pacific. On September 25, 1513, the Spanish explorer Vasco Nuñez de Balboa became the first European to discover the Pacific Ocean. The name Pacific was given by Magellan when he resumed his voyage to cross the Pacific on November 28, 1520, after passing through the Strait of Magellan.


The name “Pacific” is derived from the Latin “Mare Pacificum” (peaceful sea). It is said that the name Ferdinand Magellan was inspired by the calm sea after passing through the turbulent Strait of Magellan. In reality, the Pacific Ocean is a rough sea where tropical cyclones such as typhoons, hurricanes and cyclones do not stop.

Boundaries and Subsolutions

The boundary between the Pacific Ocean and other seas overlaps with other seas, including the South China Sea, the East China Sea, the East Sea, the Banda Sea, the Bering Sea, the Sulawesi Sea, the Sulu Sea, the Coral Sea, the Tasman Sea, and the Yellow Sea. The Strait of Melaka connects the Pacific Ocean with the Indian Ocean to the west, and the Strait of Magellan connects the Pacific Ocean with the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The Pacific and Atlantic Oceans are also connected by the Panama Canal.


There are about 25,000 islands in the Pacific Ocean, more than all other oceanic islands on Earth combined. Most of these islands are located south of the equator. The largest island in the Pacific is the island of New Guinea.

Location of typhoon

The Pacific Ocean is a place affected by typhoons in East and Southeast Asia. Typhoons occur near Southeast Asia and Oceania, and typhoons with strong intensity occur mostly in East Asia and Southeast Asia.

Pacific Rim

The countries surrounding the Pacific are called Pacific Rim countries, and many of them are members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), an economic cooperative.

Trash Island

In the Pacific Ocean, there are several large garbage islands formed by the accumulation of human waste. It is an island formed by the collection of garbage thrown away by human beings riding on ocean currents, and marine pollution is not only serious, but also the fish that consume it as food are suffering damage. This is called a giant garbage area.

Countries and regions bordering the Pacific Ocean


See also

pacific coast Pacific Islands Pacific time zone pacific war Pacific Rim Pacific Rim earthquake zone pacific plate Pacific Garbage Zone


External Links