Philippines

Article

January 26, 2022

Philippine English: Philippines) is an island country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an island country in Southeast Asia located in the western Pacific Ocean. Across the Luzon Strait to the north lies the Republic of China, and to the west across the South China Sea lies Vietnam. The Philippines, which is composed of islands, is largely divided into three regions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Major cities include Manila, Davao, Quezon City, and Cebu. With a population of 100 million, it is the 12th most populous country in the world. Additionally, about 11 million Filipinos live abroad. There are many different peoples and cultures in the Philippines. Among the people who inhabited the Philippines in prehistoric times were Negrito. After that, people who spoke the Austronesian language settled there, and Malaysian culture, Hinduism, and Islam were introduced. In addition, trade influenced the culture of mainland China in the Philippines. After Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the Philippines in 1521, the Spanish began to take an interest in the Philippines and eventually came under Spanish rule. During colonial rule, Manila became a trading link with Acapulco, and Catholicism spread widely in the Philippines. At the end of the 19th century, the Philippine Revolution took place, and the short-lived First Republic of the Philippines was established. It was followed by the American-Spanish War and the Philippine-American War. After the war, American domination began, and until the end of World War II and the independence of the Philippines, the United States had sovereignty over the Philippines except for the period of Japanese occupation during the Japanese colonial period. English and Western culture were brought to the Philippines by American rule. From the 1950s to the early 1970s, the Philippines was the second most prosperous country in Asia after Japan. The capital is Manila, and the official languages ​​are Filipino and English.

History

Prehistoric times

The metatarsal bones of Calao cause, dating back 67,000 years by uranium isotope measurements, are the oldest human remains found on the island to this day. Previously, the oldest human beings found in Palawan, estimated to have lived about 24,000 years ago by carbon isotope measurements. The Negritos were also the earliest people to settle on the island, but it is not clear when their initial settlement in the Philippine Islands was. There are several conflicting theories about the origins of the ancient Filipinos. The most widely accepted linguistic and archaeological evidence is the “Taiwan Origin Model”, which assumes that Austronesians came from Taiwan, descended from a Neolithic civilization on the Yangtze River, such as the Liangzhou culture. They are said to have come to the Philippines around 4000 BC. Around 1000 B.C., the people living on this island developed into four social groups, divided into hunter-gatherer races, warrior societies, highland plutocracy, and maritime port groups.

Pre-colonial period

A unified state was not formed because different tribes were divided on the various islands.

Spanish colonial rule

Spanish colonial rule and popular uprising

In 1521, Magellan of Portugal landed on Mactan Island during a round-the-world voyage and became known to the European world. After that, Spain's colonial rule in the Philippines began.

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