korea

Article

May 29, 2022

Korea (Korean characters: Korea) or Joseon (朝鮮), Goryeo (高麗, English: Korea Korea[*]) refers to a region or constitutional country located on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. It refers to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. In modern times, 'Korea' generally refers to the Republic of Korea and 'Joseon' refers to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. In a broad sense, Korea is a collective term for a number of Korean nations established on the Korean Peninsula after the founding of Gojoseon. Korea's river area currently covers the Korean Peninsula and its annexed islands, but historically, the Korean nation's river area includes Manchuria and parts of Primorsky Krai. The history of Korea is called Korean history or Joseon history. From 1948 to today, Korea has two divided states, the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, located in the north and south respectively. However, under the Constitution, the two sides are at odds with their own country as the only legitimate government. The Korean Peninsula and its annexed islands cover an area of ​​about 220,000 km², and the population of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea combined is about 77 million as of 2019.

Geography

Korea is located on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. To the northwest, it borders China by the Amnok River, and to the northeast, it faces China and Russia along the Tuman River. Korea is surrounded by the Yellow Sea (West Sea) to the west, the East Sea to the east, and the South Sea to the south. The northernmost part of the Korean Peninsula and its annexed islands is Onseong in North Hamgyeong Province, the westernmost part is Maando in North Pyongan Province, the easternmost part is Dokdo, an island belonging to Ulleung-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and the southernmost part is Marado. The eastern and northern parts of the Korean peninsula are characterized by a mountainous topography composed of relatively high mountains, and toward the west there are several alluvial plains and hilly areas formed by rivers flowing into the West Sea with a generally gentle slope. The highest mountain in Korea is Mt. Baekdu (2,744m), followed by Gwanmobong (冠帽峰, 2,541m) and Buksubaeksan (北水白山, 2,522m). The Gaema Plateau in the northern part of Korea is a highland called 'the roof of Korea', and the Taebaeksanmaek, a mountain range running along the eastern coast of the peninsula, is also called Baekdudaegan. The main islands of Korea are Jejudo, Geojedo, Jindo, and Ganghwado in order of area. Most of the islands are formed in the Yellow Sea and the southern seas, while Jejudo and Ulleungdo are relatively isolated due to volcanic activity. The yellow and southern coasts of Korea have developed ria coasts, and the tidal difference is large.

Pole

The polar regions of the entire Korean Peninsula are as follows. Easternmost region: Dongdo, Dokdo-ri, Ulleung-eup, Ulleung-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea <131°52'10.4 East longitude> The westernmost region: Rodongja-gu, Silk Island, Sindo-gun, North Pyongan Province, North Pyongan Province <124°10'47 East Longitude> Southernmost region: Marado, Daejeong-eup, Seogwipo-si, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, Republic of Korea <33° 06′ 37 north latitude> Northernmost region: Yuwonjin, Pungseo-ri, Onseong-gun, North Hamgyeongbuk-do, North Korea The polar regions of Korea are as follows. Easternmost region: Dongdo, Dokdo-ri, Ulleung-eup, Ulleung-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do <131°52'10.4 East longitude> Westernmost region: Yeonhwa-ri, Baengnyeong-myeon, Ongjin-gun, Incheon <124°36'36 East longitude> Southernmost region: Marado, Daejeong-eup, Seogwipo-si, Jeju-do <33°06′37 north latitude> Northernmost region: Machajin-ri, Hyeonnae-myeon, Goseong-gun, Gangwon-do <38°45'00 north latitude> The southernmost region outside the territorial jurisdiction: The polar regions of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on Ieodo are as follows. Eastmost area: Uam-ri, Seonbong-gu, Raseon-si <