Houston

Article

November 30, 2021

The City of Houston (City of Houston) is the largest city in the state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States. As of 2016, the population is estimated to be about 2.3 million, and the area is 1,552.9 km2 as of 2010. It is the largest city in the southern United States and is the county seat of Harris County, the third largest in the United States. It is also a major city in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland, the fifth-largest metropolitan statistical district in the United States. Connected to the Gulf of Mexico by the Houston Ship Canal, it is the “sealess port” and the number one cotton export port in the United States. It produces a lot of petroleum and produces synthetic rubber and machinery. It is the location of the Texas Medical Center, the world's largest medical center. NASA's Johnson Space Center.

Geography and Cityscape

Houston is located 266 km east of Austin, the state capital of Texas, 180 km west of the Louisiana border, and 400 km south of Dallas. According to the US Census Bureau, the city of Houston has an area of ​​about 1,552 km2 as of 2010. Most of Houston's area is on the Gulf Plains, where vegetation is classified as temperate grassland and forest. Much of the city is built on forest land, wetlands, swamps, or grasslands, and you can still see much of the temperate vegetation surrounding Houston. Because cities are spread out irregularly on flat terrain, repeated flooding is a problem. The downtown area is located at about 15 m above sea level, and the highest point, northwest Houston, is located at about 38 m above sea level. In the past, groundwater relied on groundwater for water supply, but due to subsidence, surface water from Lake Houston, Lake Conroe, and Lake Livingston has begun to be used. The City has the right to use 1.2 billion gallons (about 4.5 billion liters) of surface water and 150 million gallons (about 570 million liters) of groundwater per day.

Climate

Houston's climate, according to Koppen's climatic classification, belongs to a warm and humid climate, like the rest of the southern United States in general. Houston's summers are hot and humid, and winters are usually mild. Most of the year it receives southerly or southeasterly winds, which carry the hot, humid air from the Gulf of Mexico and Galveston. On average, for 106.5 days a year, Houston's temperature exceeds 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit). In other words, from June to September, most of the weather continues to exceed 32 degrees Celsius. On an average of 4.6 days a year, temperatures in Houston exceed 38 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit). In addition, Houston has 90% relative humidity in the mornings during the summer, which increases the perceived temperature. That's why in Houston, it's air-conditioned everywhere. In fact, annual electricity bills for indoor cooling in 1981 exceeded $600 million (equivalent to about $1.62 billion in 2017). Also in the late 1990s, about 90% of homes in Houston had air conditioning. The highest recorded temperatures in Houston were 43 degrees Celsius (109 degrees Fahrenheit) observed on September 4, 2000 and August 28, 2011 at George Bush Intercontinental Airport. Houston's winters are mild. The average annual temperature at George Bush InterContinental Airport in January is 12 degrees Celsius (53.1 degrees Fahrenheit), with an average of 13 days per year below freezing. 21st-century Houston snowfall records show that during the storm on December 24, 2004, 3 centimeters of snow fell in parts of the downtown area, and 2 centimeters of snow fell on December 7, 2017. The cases with more than 2.5 cm of snow fell on December 10, 2008 and December 4, 2009, which

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